Monday, May 9, 2016

Cessna 172S, University of North Dakota, N524ND: Accident occurred December 14, 2017 at Konshok Field Airport (KPKD), Park Rapids, Hubbard County, Minnesota -and- Incident occurred May 07, 2016 at Grand Forks International Airport (KGFK), North Dakota

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fargo, North Dakota

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 
 
University of North Dakota
John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences

http://registry.faa.gov/N524ND

Location: Park Rapids, MN
Accident Number: GAA18CA085
Date & Time: 12/02/2017, 0930 CST
Registration: N524ND
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis

The director of aviation safety for the flight school reported, the student pilot was on her first solo cross-country flight, and that during the approach to land, the airplane was fast and high. Subsequently, the airplane landed nose low and the propeller struck the ground. The student did not know she had damaged the propeller or fuselage during the landing and continued the rest of her intended flight without further incident.

The next assigned flight crew discovered the damage and an examination by the maintenance department revealed the airplane had sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The director of aviation safety reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in the propeller striking the ground.

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Miscellaneous/other

Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 20, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/02/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 74 hours (Total, all aircraft), 74 hours (Total, this make and model), 5 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 22 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N524ND
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2009
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S10979
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/16/2017, AAIP
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:  7292.9 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT:  C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPKD, 1434 ft msl
Observation Time: 1553 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 87°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: -4°C / -6°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.01 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: GRAND FORKS, ND (GFK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Park Rapids, MN (PKD)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0815 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: PARK RAPIDS MUNI-KONSHOK FIELD (PKD)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1444 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3500 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Stop and Go; Straight-in 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  46.900833, -95.072500 (est)

Previous Incident - May 07, 2016

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fargo, North Dakota

Aircraft went off the runway into the infield.

Date: 07-MAY-16
Time: 14:35:00Z
Regis#: N524ND
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: Incident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Minor
Activity: Instruction
Flight Phase: TAXI (TXI)
City: GRAND FORKS
State: North Dakota Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Minnesota

Aircraft bounced on landing, prop strike.

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA
JOHN ODEGARD SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE
http://registry.faa.gov/N524ND

Date: 14-DEC-17 
Time: 20:36:00Z
Regis#: N524ND
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172S
Event Type: ACCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: SUBSTANTIAL
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
City: PARK RAPIDS
State: MINNESOTA

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fargo, North Dakota

Aircraft went off the runway into the infield.

Date: 07-MAY-16
Time: 14:35:00Z
Regis#: N524ND
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: Incident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Minor
Activity: Instruction
Flight Phase: TAXI (TXI)
City: GRAND FORKS
State: North Dakota

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