Saturday, June 18, 2022

Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT): Mooney M20M/Bravo GX, N41XL; accident occurred April 04, 2022 near Central Jersey Regional Airport (47N), Somerset County, New Jersey










Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Allentown, New Jersey

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Guthrie Group Inc


Location: Manville, New Jersey 
Accident Number: ERA22LA179
Date and Time: April 4, 2022, 12:50 Local 
Registration: N41XL
Aircraft: Mooney M20M 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Controlled flight into terr/obj (CFIT) 
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Business

Analysis

The pilot reported that, prior to landing, he obtained weather information as specified on the instrument approach procedure chart, which was from an airport about 18 nm from the landing airport. The wind was reported as being from 350° at 7 knots, which favored runway 07. During landing, the airplane floated longer than anticipated and bounced upon touchdown. The pilot added power and elected to do a go-around maneuver; however, the airplane was unable to attain a sufficient rate of climb and impacted trees at the departure end of the runway, which resulted in substantial damage to the fuselage and right wing.

A witness stated that the weather obtained from the airport specified on the instrument approach plate did not match the conditions at the airport at the time of the accident, which included a 10-kt tailwind on runway 07. The nearest airport's weather observation system, about 7 miles from the accident airport, included wind at 310° at 11 kts gusting to 17 kts.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions of the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s delayed go-around decision following an encounter with a tailwind during landing, which resulted in an inability to climb and subsequent impact with trees.

Findings

Personnel issues Delayed action - Pilot
Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Aircraft Altitude - Attain/maintain not possible
Environmental issues Tailwind - Contributed to outcome
Environmental issues Tailwind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR go-around Controlled flight into terr/obj (CFIT) (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 53,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: December 13, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: January 8, 2022
Flight Time: 566 hours (Total, all aircraft), 462 hours (Total, this make and model), 525 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 70 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 32 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Mooney
Registration: N41XL
Model/Series: M20M 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2006 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 27-0355
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 2, 2021 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3368 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 202.2 Hrs 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1586.8 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-AF1B
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 270 Horsepower
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: SMQ,99 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 12:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 328°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 4900 ft AGL
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots / 17 knots 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: Unknown / Unknown
Wind Direction: 310° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: Unknown / Unknown
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Greensboro, NC (GSO) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Manville, NJ 
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 10:42 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Central Jersey Regional Airport 47N
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 86 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Holes; Rough; Rubber deposits
Runway Used: 7 
IFR Approach: RNAV
Runway Length/Width: 3507 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go around

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor 
Latitude, Longitude: 40.529424,-74.591201


Location: Manville, New Jersey
Accident Number: ERA22LA179
Date and Time: April 4, 2022, 12:50 Local 
Registration: N41XL
Aircraft: Mooney M20M
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Business

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Mooney 
Registration: N41XL
Model/Series: M20M 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: VMC 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSMQ,99 ft msl 
Observation Time: 16:53 Local
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles 
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C /-2°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 5500 ft AGL 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: / ,
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.96 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point: Greensboro, NC (GSO)
Destination: Manville, NJ

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 40.529424,-74.591201

Aircraft crashed under unknown circumstances in a yard. 

Date: 04-APR-22
Time: 17:14:00Z
Regis#: N41XL
Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Aircraft Model: M20M
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: MINOR
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: EN ROUTE (ENR)
Operation: 91
City: MANVILLE
State: NEW JERSEY

WAAS avionics upgrade on April 01, 2022 for the G1000. 









WARRANTY:  There is no warranty, express or implied for the information provided herein or the condition, useability, workability, operability or marketability of the aircraft salvage.  All times are approximate and the logbooks and aircraft should be inspected by each bidder BEFORE BIDDING.  Failure of the bidder to view the salvage or wreckage, or confirm any information provided is NOT grounds for a claim or withdrawal of bid after bid closing date. 

HOURS estimated from logbooks or other information - not guaranteed or warranted

AIRCRAFT:  2006 MOONEY M20M Bravo N41XL, s/n: 27-0355

Last annual inspection on 08/02/21 at Tach/TT 1586.8                                

ENGINE:  Lycoming TIO-540-AF1B, s/n: L-12248-61A

Last annual inspection on 08/02/21 at Tach/ETT 1586.8

PROPELLER:  McCauley B3D32C417-D, s/n:  050773

Last annual inspection on 08/02/21 at Tach/PTT 1586.8


WAAS avionics upgrade on 04/01/22 for the G1000.  See receipt.

DESCRIPTION OF ACCIDENT:  On 04/04/22 N41XL crashed in the front yard of a home several blocks from Central Jersey Regional Airport, New Jersey.                           
LOCATION OF AIRCRAFT:  Tied down at Central Jersey Airport Services Inc
 
REMARKS:    *Insurer reserves the right to reject any and all bids. 

*Salvage is as is/where is. 

*The posting information is the best to our knowledge. 

*An inspection of the salvage is highly recommended. 

*Logbooks may not be complete.

Read more here:  http://www.avclaims.com














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