Tuesday, April 19, 2022

Landing Gear Not Configured: Cessna R182 Skylane RG, XB-CMU; accident occurred March 29, 2022 at McAllen Miller International Airport (KMFE), Hidalgo County, Texas















Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:  
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Antonio, Texas 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: McAllen, Texas 
Accident Number: CEN22LA177
Date and Time: March 29, 2022, 12:35 Local 
Registration: XB-CMU
Aircraft: Cessna R182 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Analysis

While on final approach, the pilot asked the air traffic controller for the wind conditions. The pilot reported that he was “worried” about the wind conditions, and he forgot to extend the landing gear during the before landing checks. The airplane landed gear-up and came to rest upright on the runway. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to extend the landing gear due to distraction.

Findings

Personnel issues Lack of action - Pilot
Personnel issues Use of equip/system - Pilot
Personnel issues Monitoring equip/instruments - Pilot
Aircraft Main landing gear - Not used/operated

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Miscellaneous/other
Landing Landing gear not configured (Defining event)
Landing-flare/touchdown Abnormal runway contact

Pilot Information

Certificate: Foreign
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Unknown Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 29, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 818 hours (Total, all aircraft), 163 hours (Total, this make and model), 73 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Co-pilot Information

Certificate: Foreign 
Age: 67,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Unknown Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 0 hours (Total, all aircraft), 0 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: XB-CMU
Model/Series: R182 No Series Exists
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1982
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: R18201679
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: January 15, 2022 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2073 Hrs as of last inspection 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming Engines
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-540-L3C5D
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 235 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Does Business As: None 
Operator Designator Code: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMFE,99 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 12:05 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 171°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 9 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 3100 ft AGL
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 24 knots / 38 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 150°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.8 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 18°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Ciudad Apodaca, OF (MMAN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: McAllen, TX
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 10:00 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: McAllen Miller International Airport MFE
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 107 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 14
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7120 ft / 150 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 26.182032,-98.245524(est)


Location: McAllen, Texas
Accident Number: CEN22LA177
Date and Time: March 29, 2022, 11:35 Local 
Registration: XB-CMU
Aircraft: Cessna 182 
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: XB-CMU
Model/Series: 182RG 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Designator Code: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: VMC 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMFE,99 ft msl 
Observation Time: 10:53 Local
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles 
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C /18°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 22 knots / 34 knots, 150°
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2300 ft AGL 
Visibility: 9 miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.83 inches Hg 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Ciudad Apodaca, OF (MMAN)
Destination: McAllen, Texas

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 26.182032,-98.245524 (est)

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