Sunday, March 06, 2022

Runway Excursion: Piper PA-46-350P Malibu Mirage, N646CA; accident occurred January 14, 2022 at Dimmit County Airport (KCZT), Carrizo Springs, Texas









Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Antonio, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:
https://data.ntsb.gov/Docket

Single Windmill Ranch LLC


Location: Carrizo Springs, Texas
Accident Number: CEN22LA105
Date and Time: January 14, 2022, 15:30 Local
Registration: N646CA
Aircraft: Piper PA 46-350P 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Analysis

The pilot reported that while landing at his destination airport and entering ground effect on final approach, the airplane “was blown left” from the runway centerline and ballooned. The pilot pushed the nose over to keep the airplane from stalling. As the wheels touched down, the airplane veered to the left and exited the left side of the runway. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and flap. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operations. At the time of the accident, the pilot was landing the airplane on runway 13 with wind 180° at 8 knots, gusting to 14 knots.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to maintain directional control of the airplane during landing with a gusting crosswind that resulted in a runway excursion.

Findings

Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Other weather encounter
Landing Loss of control on ground
Landing Runway excursion (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 47, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: February 1, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: September 26, 2021
Flight Time: 584 hours (Total, all aircraft), 80 hours (Total, this make and model), 23 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N646CA
Model/Series: PA 46-350P 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1995
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 4622196
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle 
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 16, 2021 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2716 Hrs as of last inspection 
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: TI0-540 SER
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 310 Horsepower
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCZT,598 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 15:30 Local
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 14 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 180° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.82 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lago Vista, TX (RYW)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Carrizo Springs, TX
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Dimmit County CZT
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 598 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 130
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 28.442971,-99.899214(est)


Location: Carrizo Springs, Texas
Accident Number: CEN22LA105
Date and Time: January 14, 2022, 15:45 Local
Registration: N646CA
Aircraft: Piper PA 46-350P
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper 
Registration: N646CA
Model/Series: PA 46-350P 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:
Condition of Light:
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site:
Temperature/Dew Point:
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: / ,
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:
Altimeter Setting: 
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point: 
Destination:

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 28.52225,99.823639 (est)

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