Friday, March 18, 2022

Ground Collision: Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, N78SA and Cessna 208B Super Cargomaster, N9469B; accident occurred March 17, 2022 at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (KDFW), Texas








Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Houston

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Martinaire Aviation LLC


Martinaire Aviation LLC


Location: Grapevine, Texas 
Accident Number: CEN22LA149
Date and Time: March 17, 2022, 21:00 Local
Registration: N78SA (A1); N9469B (A2)
Aircraft: Cessna 208B (A1); Cessna 208B (A2) 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial (A1); Substantial (A2)
Defining Event: Ground collision Injuries: 1 None (A1); 1 None (A2)
Flight Conducted Under: Part 135: Air taxi & commuter - Non-scheduled (A1); Part 135: Air taxi & commuter - Non-scheduled (A2)

Analysis

The pilot reported that while taxiing to the ramp for parking behind another airplane, the airplane in front of him suddenly stopped and he impacted that airplane from the rear. He said that all he heard was the propeller of his airplane hitting the tail of the airplane in front of him. He immediately shut down the engine of his airplane and the airplane that had been struck taxied to the ramp and parked. The airplane that was impacted sustained substantial damage to the tail and the other airplane sustained minor damage. There were no reported preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures to either airplane that would have precluded normal
operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The failure of the pilot of the second aircraft to maintain a safe distance from the lead airplane while taxiing, which resulted in a ground collision.

Findings

Personnel issues (A1) Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Personnel issues (A2) Decision making/judgment - Pilot of other aircraft

Factual Information

History of Flight

Taxi (A1) Ground collision (Defining event)
Taxi (A2) Ground collision

Pilot Information (A1)

Certificate: Commercial 
Age: 28,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 None 
Last FAA Medical Exam: December 1, 2021
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: February 11, 2022
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1271 hours (Total, all aircraft), 63 hours (Total, this make and model), 1096 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 63 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 48 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot Information (A2)

Certificate: Airline transport 
Age: 70,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: April 12, 2021
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: February 28, 2022
Flight Time: (Estimated) 18902 hours (Total, all aircraft), 3902 hours (Total, this make and model), 13902 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 137 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 48 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information (A1)

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N78SA
Model/Series: 208B 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1995 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 208B0467
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle 
Seats: 12
Date/Type of Last Inspection: November 2, 2021 AAIP Certified
Max Gross Wt.: 8750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Turbo prop
Airframe Total Time: 14727 Hrs at time of accident 
Engine Manufacturer: P&W
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: PT6A SER
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 750 Horsepower
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commuter air carrier (135)
Operator Does Business As: 
Operator Designator Code: MT9A

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information (A2)

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N9469B
Model/Series: 208B 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1988
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 208B0079
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle Seats: 12
Date/Type of Last Inspection: January 18, 2022 AAIP Certified
Max Gross Wt.: 8750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 17576 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: P&W
ELT: C91A installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: PT6A SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 500 Horsepower
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held:
Commuter air carrier (135)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: MT9A

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDFW,544 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 2 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 20:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 58°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 25000 ft AGL 
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 360° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / -3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None (A1); None (A2)
Destination: Grapevine, TX (A1); Grapevine, TX (A2)
Type of Clearance: Unknown (A1); Unknown (A2)
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Class B (A1); Class B (A2)

Airport Information

Airport: Dallas Ft. Worth DFW 
Runway Surface Type:
Airport Elevation: 606 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information (A1)

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.883344,-97.047607(est)

Wreckage and Impact Information (A2)

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 32.883344,-97.047607(est)


Location: Grapevine, Texas
Accident Number: CEN22LA149
Date and Time: March 17, 2022, 21:00 Local 
Registration: N78SA (A1); N9469B (A2)
Aircraft: Cessna 208B (A1); Cessna 208B (A2)
Injuries: 1 None (A1); 1 None (A2)
Flight Conducted Under: Part 135: Air taxi and commuter - Non-scheduled (A1); Part 135: Air taxi and commuter - Non-scheduled (A2)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information (A1)

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N78SA
Model/Series: 208B 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commuter air carrier (135)
Operator Designator Code: MT9A

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information (A2)

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N9469B
Model/Series: 208B 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commuter air carrier (135)
Operator Designator Code: MT9A

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: VMC
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDFW, 544 ft msl
Observation Time: 20:53 Local
Distance from Accident Site: 2 Nautical Miles 
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C /-3°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 25000 ft AGL 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 5 knots / , 360°
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg 
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point: Destination: 

Wreckage and Impact Information (A1)

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: None
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.883344,-97.047607 (est)

Wreckage and Impact Information (A2)

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.883344,-97.047607 (est)

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