Tuesday, March 29, 2022

Cessna 172S Skyhawk, N452ER: Incident occurred March 28, 2022 and Accident occurred November 26, 2017

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aircraft landed and veered off runway at Melbourne Orlando International Airport (KMLB), Brevard County, Florida.

Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University Inc

Date: 28-MAR-22
Time: 15:35:00Z
Regis#: N452ER
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91

November 26, 2017

November 26, 2017

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Daytona Beach, Florida
Accident Number: GAA18CA080
Date and Time: November 26, 2017, 15:07 Local
Registration: N452ER
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The director of aviation safety at the flight school reported that the airplane received substantial damage to the fuselage after a hard landing. Four days before finding the damage, the airplane had been used by the accident pilot for a flight toward his commercial training. After completing the training flight, no discrepancies were declared.

Data from the airplane's flight data management unit showed that the airplane landed flat on the runway, which resulted in subsequent bounces.

The director of aviation safety of the flight school reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation system at the accident airport reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 280° at 3 knots. The pilot landed on runway 25R.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard, bounced landing.


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 1, 2013
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: September 26, 2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 193 hours (Total, all aircraft), 185 hours (Total, this make and model), 75 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N452ER
Model/Series: 172S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility 
Serial Number: 172S11586
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle 
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: November 8, 2017 Continuous airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2354.8 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 180 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot school (141)
Operator Does Business As: 
Operator Designator Code: RDDL

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDAB, 41 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 
Direction from Accident Site: 77°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2500 ft AGL 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  / None
Wind Direction: 280° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.03 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: TALLAHASSEE, FL (TLH)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Daytona Beach, FL (DAB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 13:00 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt; Concrete
Airport Elevation: 34 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25R 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 10500 ft / 150 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 29.180833,-81.059165 (est)

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