Wednesday, February 23, 2022

Runway Excursion: Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100E, N68NH; accident occurred February 18, 2022 at Coleman A. Young International Airport (KDET), Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan












Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Belleville, Michigan

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://data.ntsb.gov/Docket

Eclipse Transport LLC


Location: Detroit, Michigan
Accident Number: CEN22LA126
Date and Time: February 18, 2022, 12:52 Local
Registration: N68NH
Aircraft: EMBRAER EXECUTIVE AIRCRAFT INC EMB-500 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Business

Analysis

The pilot reported that after touchdown, he was unable to stop the airplane on the 5,092 ft runway due to snow and ice contamination. The airplane subsequently departed the end of the runway and impacted airport lighting equipment, which resulted in substantial damage to the right wing.

The pilot stated that braking action was reported as 3/1/3, which corresponded to medium braking action for the initial 1/3 of the runway, poor braking action for the middle 1/3 of the runway, and medium braking action for the last 1/3 of the runway. The pilot reported no mechanical malfunctions or anomalies that would have precluded normal operation and that he should have diverted to another airport with better runway conditions.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s decision to land on the contaminated runway with previous reports of unfavorable braking action.

Findings

Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Environmental issues Runway/landing area condition - Decision related to condition

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Runway excursion (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 61,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: October 15, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: March 3, 2021
Flight Time: 2192 hours (Total, all aircraft), 200 hours (Total, this make and model), 2044 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 23 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: EMBRAER EXECUTIVE AIRCRAFT INC
Registration: N68NH
Model/Series: EMB-500
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2014
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 50000331
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 9, 2021 Continuous airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt: 10582 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 2 Turbo jet
Airframe Total Time: 1003.3 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Pratt and Whitney
ELT: C126 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: PW610F-A
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 900 Lbs thrust
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDET, 626 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 12:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 152°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2900 ft AGL
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 220°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: -7°C / -13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Burlington, NC (KBUY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Detroit, MI (KDET)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 11:16 Local
Type of Airspace: Class B

Airport Information

Airport: COLEMAN A YOUNG MUNI DET
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 625 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Ice
Runway Used: 33 
IFR Approach: Visual
Runway Length/Width: 5092 ft / 100 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 42.418325,-83.016706 (est)


Location: Detroit, Michigan
Accident Number: CEN22LA126
Date and Time: February 18, 2022, 12:49 Local
Registration: N68NH
Aircraft: EMBRAER EXECUTIVE AIRCRAFT INC EMB-500 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: EMBRAER EXECUTIVE AIRCRAFT INC
Registration: N68NH
Model/Series: EMB-500 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: VMC 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDET,626 ft msl 
Observation Time: 12:53 Local
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles 
Temperature/Dew Point: -7°C /-13°C
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 7 knots / , 220°
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2900 ft AGL 
Visibility: 10 miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg 
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point:
Destination:

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 42.418325,-83.016706 (est)

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