Saturday, December 25, 2021

Nose Over: Piper PA-18-150 Super Cub, N8996Y; accident occurred July 01, 2021 in Talkeetna, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:
Location: Talkeetna, Alaska
Accident Number: ANC21LA054
Date and Time: July 1, 2021, 14:45 Local
Registration: N8996Y
Aircraft: Piper PA-18-150
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor reported that after evaluating an uphill off-airport landing site, the pilot receiving instruction proceeded with an approach to landing. The airplane touched down long due to excessive airspeed and a gusty tailwind. During the landing rollout, and as the airplane neared the crest of the hill, excessive braking was applied and the airplane subsequently nosed-over resulting in substantial damage to the right lift strut and rudder. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or anomalies with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s excessive use of brakes during landing, which resulted in a nose-over. Contributing to the accident was the flight instructor’s inadequate supervision and the gusty tailwind conditions. 


Aircraft Brake - Incorrect use/operation
Aircraft Surface speed/braking - Incorrect use/operation
Personnel issues Use of equip/system - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Personnel issues Monitoring other person - Instructor/check pilot
Environmental issues Tailwind - Effect on equipment

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor 
Age: 27, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s):  Airplane 
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 5, 2021
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: February 22, 2021
Flight Time: 5686 hours (Total, all aircraft), 743 hours (Total, this make and model)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial 
Age: 26, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Unknown
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 30, 2021
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 900 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N8996Y
Model/Series: PA-18-150 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18-7409138
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: February 17, 2021 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3505.69 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: 0-320 A2B
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PATK,356 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 24 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 14:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 127°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility:  10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Wasilla, AK (4AK6) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wasilla, AK (4AK6) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 13:30 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Private PVT
Runway Surface Type:
Airport Elevation: 3300 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Rough; Soft
Runway Used: 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Valley/terrain following

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 62.56,-150.77

1 comment:

  1. appears an early and active flight career !
    "Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor Age: 27, Male, Flight Time: 5686 hours (Total, all aircraft)"