Saturday, December 25, 2021

Landing Area Overshoot: Cessna 180J, N42084; accident occurred June 30, 2021 in Tyler, Smith County, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board
The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Tyler, Texas
Accident Number: CEN21LA308
Date and Time: June 30, 2021, 19:20 Local 
Registration: N42084
Aircraft: Cessna 180J
Aircraft Damage: Unknown
Defining Event: Landing area overshoot
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that while on approach to land at his private grass airstrip, he realized that his airspeed was faster than it should have been and landed the airplane long down the airstrip. Upon touchdown, the airplane bounced and skidded off the mowed part of the airstrip into high grass. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left-wing, left-wing strut, and left horizontal stabilizer. The pilot did not report any preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operations.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to maintain proper airspeed on approach resulting in an extended touchdown, bounced landing, and runway excursion.


Personnel issues Use of equip/system - Pilot
Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Rough terrain - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Landing area overshoot (Defining event)
Landing Abnormal runway contact
Landing-landing roll Runway excursion

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline transport
Age: 79, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: None, None 
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 26000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1000 hours (Total, this make and model), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N42084
Model/Series: 180J
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18052309
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-470
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 230
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KTYR,544 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 5 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 21:53 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 273°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 23°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Rusk, TX (RFI) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Tyler, TX 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 19:00 Local
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Private, None 
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 544 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 180 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3000 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Unknown
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.349998,-95.300003 (est)

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