Friday, December 31, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Aeronca 11AC Chief, N85930; accident occurred June 16, 2021 at Industry Air Park (38OH), Baltimore, Fairfield County, Ohio

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Columbus, Ohio

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Baltimore, Ohio
Accident Number: CEN21LA275
Date and Time: June 16, 2021, 09:25 Local
Registration: N85930
Aircraft: Aeronca 11AC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that he landed long in his tail wheel-equipped airplane to reduce the taxi time. However, during the landing rollout the airplane began to veer towards the hangars. The pilot attempted to correct using opposite rudder and right brake, but the airplane struck a hangar and hangar door resulting in substantial damage to the right wing. The pilot reported he had a potential brake failure, but an examination of the airplane conducted by Federal Aviation Administration inspectors confirmed the airplane’s rudder control, braking, and steering functions. At the time of the accident, the pilot was landing the airplane on runway 18 with a 5-knot variable wind.

Probable Cause and Findings
The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s loss of directional control during landing.


Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Environmental issues Variable wind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-landing roll Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing-landing roll Runway excursion

Pilot Information

Certificate: Sport Pilot 
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Sport pilot Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: September 29, 2019
Flight Time: 418 hours (Total, all aircraft), 405 hours (Total, this make and model), 344 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Aeronca
Registration: N85930
Model/Series: 11AC
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 11AC-355
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel 
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: May 1, 2021 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection: 18.3 Hrs 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1545 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: A65-8F
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 65
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLHQ, 869 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 08:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 350° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.11 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lancaster, OH (KLHQ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Baltimore, OH 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 08:45 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 877 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18 IFR 
Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2550 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 39.843405,-82.578716 (est)

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