Saturday, December 04, 2021

Abnormal Runway Contact: Van's RV-3, N3S; accident occurred July 21, 2021 at Jacksonville Municipal Airport (KIJX), Morgan County, Illinois

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board
The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Springfield, Illinois

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Jacksonville, Illinois
Accident Number: CEN21LA332
Date and Time: July 21, 2021, 12:11 Local 
Registration: N3S
Aircraft: Madera RV-3 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot had just purchased the airplane and was landing after completing his first leg of a cross-country flight. The pilot stated that he flared the airplane too early and it bounced twice on the runway. The pilot then elected to perform a go-around; however, he forgot to retract the flaps. The pilot applied full engine power, the airplane turned to the left, and stalled over the grass terrain adjacent to the runway. The airplane impacted terrain, came to rest upright, and sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and left wing, The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s improper flare during landing which resulted in an attempted go-around, loss of control, and aerodynamic stall. 


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Personnel issues Use of equip/system - Pilot
Aircraft TE flap control system - Incorrect use/operation
Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Angle of attack - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)
Approach-VFR go-around Aerodynamic stall/spin
Approach-VFR go-around Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 39, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 13, 2019
Flight Time: 759.4 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1.5 hours (Total, this make and model), 22 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Madera 
Registration: N3S
Model/Series: RV-3 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978 
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental (Special) 
Serial Number: 292
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel 
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: July 6, 2021 Condition 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1118 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Not installed 
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SER
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KIJX,624 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 11:57 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 1°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility:  10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2500 ft AGL 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 23°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Warrensburg, MO (RCM) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Jacksonville, IL
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 09:40 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 623 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 13/31
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 39.775448,-90.238086 (est)


  1. "I prayed to God to help me". I said the exact same thing yesterday when I had to drive into the urban area. Remember to always floor the accelerator (or full throttle) when you hit something.

  2. "... When a stall warning goes off every pilot is trained and knows to lower the nose had this airplane had the warning I would have lowered the nose and picked up speed without stalling and crashing the plane."

    Every pilot knows that? I wonder if every pilot knows to retract the flaps on a go-around? Maybe pray to god to learn how to fly an airplane?

  3. I've not flown a 3, but have time in a 9, 14 and own a 7. Never needed a stall warning system, and flew my 7 for a bit before I had the AOA all set up. Also, an O-320 in an RV-3 should have climbed like a homesick angle with the throttle forward, flaps or no flaps. I think he did mess up the landing, but was way behind the plane.

    Shame, not a lot of 3's flying

    1. ^^^^^Rv Master entered the room with wisdom