Monday, June 21, 2021

Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N35585: Incident occurred June 17, 2021 and Accident occurred July 14, 2019

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

June 17, 2021:  Aircraft departing and veered off runway into a ditch at Outlaw Field Airport (KCKV),Clarksville,  Montgomery County, Tennessee.

Lima Zulu LLC


Date: 17-JUN-21
Time: 22:00:00Z
Regis#: N35585
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: INSTRUCTION
Flight Phase: TAKEOFF (TOF)
Operation: 91
City: CLARKSVILLE
State: TENNESSEE
 
View of damage to the engine mounts.
July 14, 2019

July 14, 2019



Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:


Location: Elkton, Florida
Accident Number: GAA19CA412
Date & Time: July 14, 2019, 09:21 Local
Registration: N35585
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event:
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The flight instructor reported that he had demonstrated a simulated engine failure and recovery at altitude to the pilot under instruction, and he subsequently asked the pilot to perform a simulated engine failure and recovery. The instructor allowed the pilot to descend over an open field, and he recalled instructing the pilot to "recover" and abort the landing about 200 ft above ground level. However, the pilot failed to do so, and the flight instructor took the controls. The airplane subsequently stalled, impacted terrain, and nosed over. The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the engine mounts. The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot under instruction's failure to follow the flight instructor's directions and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action and subsequent exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall.

Findings

Personnel issues Following instructions - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Aircraft Angle of attack - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Aerodynamic stall/spin
Landing Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Landing Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor
Age: 27, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/10/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/24/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1030 hours (Total, all aircraft), 300.7 hours (Total, this make and model), 932.8 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 146.7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 62.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 31, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/12/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/03/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 271 hours (Total, all aircraft), 215 hours (Total, this make and model), 223 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)


Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N35585
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172S8873
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/31/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7317.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Christiansen Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Christiansen Aviation Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSGJ, 10 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 4 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1356 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 338°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.17 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 26°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Saint Augustine, FL (SGJ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Saint Augustine, FL (SGJ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0840 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 29.901111, -81.312500 (est)

2 comments:

  1. One of them has a Flight Instructor Certificate and the other has a Commercial Certificate. Which was the student? 300 hours and 215 hours make and model? Very strange.....

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Commercial seems to be the one under instruction. Simulated engine outs would be good to practice and maybe he was being proactive. I would like to know the altitude they attempted this from. The summary at the top is different to the Analysis description.

      Delete