Friday, February 12, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-28-181, N4400F; accident occurred February 04, 2020 at Falcon Field Airport (KFFZ), Mesa, Arizona

View of Right Wing
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Root View of Left Flap and Aileron 

View of Right Wing


Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:
https://data.ntsb.gov/Docket

https://registry.faa.gov/N4400F


Analysis

The flight instructor reported that she briefed the soft-field takeoff procedure with the student pilot while holding short for the active runway. After the flight was cleared for takeoff, the student aligned the airplane with the runway centerline, advanced the throttle to the full-power position, and released aft pressure from the yoke. During the ground roll, the instructor briefly lost sight of the runway, and when the runway reappeared, she saw the airplane rapidly veering left. The instructor applied full right rudder and right aileron, but the airplane continued veering left. Unable to stop the turn, the instructor reduced engine power but quickly restored it with the intent of flying the airplane back to the runway because the airplane had become airborne. However, the airplane then rolled left, the stall horn sounded, and the airplane touched down on the taxiway and impacted a parked airplane. The right wing and left aileron sustained substantial damage. The instructor and student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that could have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain directional control and the flight instructor's inadequate remediation during a short-field takeoff, which resulted in impact with a parked airplane. 

Findings

Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Environmental issues Aircraft - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Takeoff Attempted remediation/recovery
Takeoff Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 26, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/14/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/21/2019
Flight Time:  679.4 hours (Total, all aircraft), 49.6 hours (Total, this make and model), 584.4 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 115.9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 42.4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 8.1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: None
Age: 23, Male
Airplane Rating(s):None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/25/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  13 hours (Total, all aircraft), 13 hours (Total, this make and model), 13 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N4400F
Model/Series: PA-28-181
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2019
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2881139
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/30/2020, AAIP
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2558 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 25 Hours
Engines:  Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1313.4 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming Engines
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A4M
Registered Owner: CAE Oxford Aviation Academy Phoenix
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: CAE Oxford Aviation Academy Phoenix
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 1454 MST
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / -13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Mesa, AZ (FFZ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Mesa, AZ (FFZ)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1502 MST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Falcon Fld (FFZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1394 ft
Runway Surface Condition:Dry 
Runway Used: 22L
IFR Approach:None 
Runway Length/Width: 5100 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.461111, -111.723889 (est)

4 comments:

  1. not a CFI, yet I wonder why the introduction of "SHORT FIELD AND SOFT FIELD TAKEOFFS" at 13 hours!

    ReplyDelete
  2. 26 yr old flight instructor. Think about that. That’s what’s wrong with aviation. How can someone 26yrs old with under 1000 hours flight time be an. effective instructor?

    ReplyDelete
  3. We have 26 year old fighter pilots with less than 1000 hours. Jake it's all about the gallant and skill sets. I've flown with 26,000 pilots with less skills Jake.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Interesting that the NTSB made no reference to the flap settings.

    ReplyDelete