Saturday, November 28, 2020

Landing Area Overshoot: Cessna 182N Skylane, N92403; accident occurred August 13, 2020 at Sulphur Creek Ranch Airport (ID74), Cascade, Idaho

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Boise, Idaho

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Cascade, Idaho
Accident Number: WPR20CA269
Date & Time: August 13, 2020, 09:06 Local 
Registration: N92403
Aircraft: Cessna 182 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area overshoot 
Injuries: 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that while on final approach to the runway, the airplane was too high. He initiated a slip to lose altitude, but the airplane was still too fast and high. After landing, the airplane collided with trees at the end of the ruwnay. The pilot further reported that the accident could have been prevented by initiating a go around sooner.

Two witnesses reported that the airplane landed hard more than halfway down the runway and began to porpoise. With about 800 ft of runway remaining, they heard the pilot apply full engine power. The airplane subsequently departed the runway surface and impacted trees. A post impact fire ensured which substantially damaged the airplane.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's decision to continue the unstable approach which resulted in an inadequate flare, bounced landing and collision with trees following a delayed go around. 


Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Delayed action - Pilot
Environmental issues Tree(s) - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern final Miscellaneous/other
Landing Landing area overshoot (Defining event)
Landing Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Post-impact Fire/smoke (post-impact)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 73,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: June 23, 2020
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: August 7, 2019
Flight Time: 630 hours (Total, all aircraft), 150 hours (Total, this make and model), 556 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 12 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N92403
Model/Series: 182 N 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18260186
Landing Gear Type:
Tricycle Seats:
Date/Type of Last Inspection: March 11, 2020
Annual Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4953 Hrs as of last inspection 
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 230 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: MYL,5024 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 39 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 08:51 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 306°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility 6 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts:/ 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.12 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 8°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: N/A - None - Haze
Departure Point: Johnson Creek, ID (3U2)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Cascade, ID (ID74)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 08:30 Local 
Type of Airspace: Unknown

Airport Information

Airport: Sulphur Creek Ranch Airport ID74
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf; Gravel
Airport Elevation: 5835 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 10 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3300 ft / 40 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: On-ground
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious 
Latitude, Longitude: 44.535278,-115.350555(est)

1 comment:

    Search performed with the following criteria:
    Identifier=ID74; Date=All;
    Displaying records 1 - 6 of 6
    one previous report: "the pilot was on short final to runway 28, a 3,300 foot gravel-turf runway, when he encountered a sink and the aircraft began to rapidly settle. He applied power but the aircraft touched down 70 feet short and 30 feet left of the runway centerline and in a swampy/marshy area. Immediately following the touchdown the Cessna 210L's main gear collapsed and the nose gear separated. The pilot reported that immediately following the accident, he observed winds at the airstrip varying 5-10 knots in speed and shifting from a westerly to an easterly direction."


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