Friday, July 24, 2020

Landing Gear Collapse: Cessna 182R Skylane, N9747H; accident occurred July 22, 2020 at Toketee State Airport (3S6), Clearwater, Douglas County, Oregon

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Hillsboro, Oregon

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Clearwater, Oregon
Accident Number: WPR20CA254
Date & Time: July 22, 2020, 14:44 Local 
Registration: N9747H
Aircraft: Cessna 182 Aircraft 
Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear collapse 
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that he touched down on the rough, turf surface runway and utilized a soft-field landing technique. He recalled, that during the landing roll, he held the nose landing gear off the runway until the airplane's groundspeed decreased to 20 knots. Shortly after contacting the ground, the nose landing gear collapsed. The airplane's aft fuselage was substantially damaged during the accident sequence.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper pitch attitude during the soft-field landing roll, which resulted in the tail striking the runway. 


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Pitch control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Soft surface - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Miscellaneous/other
Landing-landing roll Landing gear collapse (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 42,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 18, 2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: June 17, 2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 487.5 hours (Total, all aircraft), 316.3 hours (Total, this make and model), 390.7 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8.1 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8.1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N9747H
Model/Series: 182 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18267992
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 2, 2019 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3372 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed 
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 250 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRBG,509 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 41 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 19:53 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 272°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 20° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.84 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Upper Lake, CA (1Q5)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Clearwater, OR (3S6)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 12:30 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 3361 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Rough; Vegetation
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5350 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 43.223331,-122.421112(est)

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