Wednesday, April 08, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Champion Aeronca 7FC Tri-Traveler, N3JZ; accident occurred April 02, 2020 at Albert J. Lindberg Airport (5Y1), Mackinac County, Michigan

View of Accident Airplane.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Hessel, MI
Accident Number: CEN20CA138
Date & Time: 04/02/2020, 1830 EDT
Registration: N3JZ
Aircraft: Champion AERONCA 7FC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The pilot of a tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he attempted a three-point, full stall landing, with a right-quartering headwind of about 10 to 15 knots. During rollout, the pilot experienced an unanticipated wind gust that raised the right wing and turned the airplane about 30° to the right. The pilot attempted to correct, but the airplane exited the right side of the runway and contacted a snowbank. The airplane decelerated rapidly and nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and wing strut.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 48, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/07/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/14/2019
Flight Time:  122 hours (Total, all aircraft), 51 hours (Total, this make and model), 72 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 0.2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 0.2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Champion
Registration: N3JZ
Model/Series: AERONCA 7FC No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1958
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 7FC-212
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/07/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2560 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-200-A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator:On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time:
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots / 15 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 290°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Precipitation
Departure Point: Hessel, MI (5Y1)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hessel, MI (5Y1)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1825 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Albert J Lindberg (5Y1)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 760 ft
Runway Surface Condition:Dry 
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3700 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries:1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 46.035556, -84.417778 (est)

Investigators said the plane was landing in a westerly direction on the runway when it encountered a crosswind, pushing it off the runway causing the landing gear to get caught in the snowbank, flipping it over.

The place suffered a fair amount of damage to the wings and wing supports as a result.

The Federal Aviation Administration was informed of the crash and cleared the plane to be removed to an area hangar.

The crash remains under investigation.

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