Thursday, April 23, 2020

Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N13005: Accident occurred April 22, 2020 at Hicks Airfield (T67), Fort Worth, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Ft Worth, Texas
Accident Number: CEN20CA154
Date & Time: April 22, 2020, 17:55 Local
Registration: N13005
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Positioning


The flight instructor reported that he and the student pilot were prepared to land on runway 14 with partial flaps and reported wind from 190° at 17 knots. When they turned onto final approach, the instructor noticed that the airplane was too high and not aligned with the runway and that the airspeed was high. As the airplane approached the touchdown point, it encountered turbulence. The instructor took control of the airplane and executed a right-wing-low partial slip. The airplane touched down halfway down the 3,740-ft-long runway with a high ground speed. The instructor applied the brakes, and the wheels immediately locked, so he released the brakes and then tried reapplying them; however, the airplane did not decelerate. The airplane overran the runway and struck several airport lights and then traveled through two barbed-wire fences. The right main landing gear separated, the left main landing gear collapsed, and the fuselage and horizontal stabilizer sustained substantial damage. After the instructor and student exited the airplane, they noticed that the windsock indicated that they had landed with a strong quartering tailwind. The instructor said that the accident was due to the "undetected shift in wind direction - from a quartering headwind to a quartering/direct tailwind" and he and the student's incorrect decision to continue the approach and landing when the airplane was not stabilized.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain a stabilized approach and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action to initiate a go-around, which resulted in a runway overrun and impact with runway lights and fences.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Aircraft Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Environmental issues Runway/taxi/approach light - Effect on operation
Environmental issues Fence/fence post - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern final Miscellaneous/other (Defining event)
Landing Other weather encounter
Landing Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing Runway excursion
Landing Landing gear collapse
Landing Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline transport 
Age: 73, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: June 25, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: October 18, 2019
Flight Time: 23856 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1989 hours (Total, this make and model), 20434 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 46 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student 
Age: 26, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: June 12, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 32 hours (Total, all aircraft), 22 hours (Total, this make and model), 12 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N13005
Model/Series: 172 M 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 17262440
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: October 10, 2019 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 23 Hrs 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 15013 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E2D
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KAFW,723 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 5 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 17:53 Local Direction from Accident Site: 45°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 6000 ft AGL
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 19 knots / 27 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 270°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.52 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Fort Worth, TX (WEA) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Fort Worth, TX (WEA) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 17:41 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Hicks Airfield T67
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 855 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 14 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3740 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger  Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 32.93111,-97.411666(est)

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