Monday, January 27, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Vans RV-8, N130JK; Accident occurred January 24, 2020 at Fernandina Beach Municipal Airport (KFHB), Nassau County, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Location: Fernandina Beach, FL 
Accident Number: ERA20CA087
Date & Time: 01/24/2020, 1415 EST
Registration: N130JK
Aircraft: Vans VANS RV 8
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The pilot had recently purchased the tailwheel-equipped airplane and was receiving flight instruction in it toward a tailwheel endorsement. He had previously completed two successful landings. During the third landing with a 12- to 14-knot right crosswind and just as the tailwheel was about to settle onto the runway, the airplane began to veer right. The pilot and flight instructor attempted to compensate by applying full left rudder, but the airplane continued off the right side of the runway into grass. The left main landing gear collapsed; the left wing struck the ground, substantially damaging it; and the airplane then came to rest. The pilot and instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation nor did a Federal Aviation Administration inspector's postaccident examination of the airplane find any.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's loss of directional control on landing with a crosswind, which resulted in a runway excursion and the left main landing gear collapsing.


Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Other weather encounter
Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing Runway excursion
Landing Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Private
Age: 64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/12/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/07/2019
Flight Time:  2583.1 hours (Total, all aircraft), 8.6 hours (Total, this make and model)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 58, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/22/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 11300 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Vans
Registration: N130JK
Model/Series: VANS RV 8 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2001
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: 81258
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Unknown
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series:
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power:
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: FHB, 15 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1335 EST
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 10000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 12000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 12 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:150° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fernandina Beach, FL (FHB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed:None 
Destination: Fernandina Beach, FL (FHB)
Type of Clearance:Unknown 
Departure Time: 1200 EST
Type of Airspace: Unknown

Airport Information

Airport: Fernandina Beach Muni (FHB)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 15 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used:09 
IFR Approach:None 
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 30.611944, -81.461111 (est)

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