Sunday, January 05, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna R172K Hawk XP, N736QV; accident occurred January 25, 2018 at Portland-Troutdale Airport (KTTD), Multnomah County, Oregon

View of damaged firewall and engine mount frame.

View of damage to firewall and nose landing gear tunnel.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Portland, Oregon

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Troutdale, OR
Accident Number: GAA19CA134
Date & Time: 01/25/2019, 1615 PST
Registration: N736QV
Aircraft: Cessna R172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The solo student pilot reported that, after completing touch-and-go maneuvers in the pattern with her flight instructor, the flight instructor deplaned. The student then completed three more touch-and-go landings, but on the final landing, the airplane touched down nose first and then bounced. She attempted to go around, but the airplane bounced again, and the propeller struck the runway. She maneuvered the airplane back to the ramp without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount frame, mounts, and nose landing gear tunnel.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain the proper pitch attitude during touchdown, which resulted in a bounced landing and subsequent propeller strike. 


Pitch control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 76, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/18/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 133 hours (Total, all aircraft), 85 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 21 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N736QV
Model/Series: R172 K
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: R1722713
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/15/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3605.4 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 195 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KTTD, 29 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0853 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 286°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 110°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.78 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 3°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Portland, OR (TTD)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Troutdale, OR (TTD)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1552 PST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Portland-Troutdale (TTD)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 38 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5399 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 45.549444, -122.401389 (est)


  1. What in the world was a student pilot doing behind the controls of a high performance complex Skyhawk variant? This bird also has a constant speed prop. Finally, yet another career student pilot in the news here who had excessive hours before even being signed off to solo (and that didn't end well when she was). Some people are just not cut out to be pilots and should be discouraged from flying by their instructors. But of course money talks first, especially to starving young instructors trying to build up time.