Saturday, January 11, 2020

Hard Landing: Cessna 172P Skyhawk, N9837L; accident occurred August 09, 2019 at Chicago Midway International Airport (KMDW), Illinois

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Chicago, Illinois

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Chicago, IL
Accident Number: GAA19CA558
Date & Time: 08/09/2019, 1530 CDT
Registration: N9837L
Aircraft:Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event:Hard landing 
Injuries:2 None 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The pilot reported that during the landing flare, he was startled by the early impact and bounce. The airplane touched down hard and bounced about three times in a "porpoise pattern." He increased power to abort the landing, and he retracted the flaps but, "It was too late to recover." He reduced engine power and the airplane rolled to a stop on the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower fuselage bulkhead.

The airport's METAR reported that about the time of the accident, the wind was from 210° at 5 knots. The airplane landed on runway 04L. The airport elevation was 618ft, the temperature was 82°F, the barometric setting was 29.94, and the estimated density altitude was 2,300ft.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 29, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/22/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/21/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 236 hours (Total, all aircraft), 87 hours (Total, this make and model), 201 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 59 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N9837L
Model/Series: 172 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1986
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17276629
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/07/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10140 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed
Engine Model/Series: O-320-D2J
Registered Owner: Daviation Inc.
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: T&G Flying Club
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMDW, 618 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 66°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 7000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: South Bend, IN (SBN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Chicago, IL (MDW)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1545 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Airport: Chicago Midway Intl (MDW)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 619 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 04L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5507 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.785833, -87.752500 (est)

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