Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna A185F Skywagon, N185PR, accident occurred November 09, 2018 at Zwainz Farms Airport (WA08), Reardan, Lincoln County, Washington

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Spokane, Washington

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Reardan, WA
Accident Number: GAA19CA055
Date & Time: 11/09/2018, 1002 PST
Registration: N185PR
Aircraft: Cessna A185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The flight instructor was evaluating a pilot receiving instruction in a tailwheel-equipped, high‑performance airplane for a visual flight rules cross-country flight. He added that they considered the runway to be "a one-way strip." When they arrived at the private airstrip, the GPS indicated a 5-knot crosswind from the southeast.

During the approach, the airplane was about "50 ft high" when it crossed their predetermined go‑around point; they continued the landing. During the touchdown, the airplane bounced twice, and the pilot then initiated a go‑around. The instructor then "reminded" the pilot that they were committed to the landing and instructed him not to go-around, so the pilot transitioned the airplane back to landing.

During the subsequent touchdown, the airplane "quickly" veered right. The pilot attempted to correct the veer, but the airplane exited the right side of the airstrip onto soft ground, and it then nosed down and came to rest on the spinner and left wing.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot indicated that the wind at the airport was from about 140° at 5 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 5.

The flight instructor recommended that he should have taken the controls sooner in the abnormal situation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's improper approach and landing flare in crosswind conditions, which resulted in a bounced landing and subsequent loss of directional control. Contributing to the accident was the flight instructor’s delayed remedial action. 


Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot (Factor)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 57, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/20/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/25/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 7299 hours (Total, all aircraft), 838 hours (Total, this make and model), 6511 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 120 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 29, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/08/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/11/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 362 hours (Total, all aircraft), 26 hours (Total, this make and model), 238 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N185PR
Model/Series: A185 F
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18502889
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/05/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8381.6 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: Proclaim Aviation Ministries
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As: Moody Aviation
Operator Designator Code: 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSKA, 2461 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1758 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 114°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 150°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.22 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 0°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Spokane, WA (SFF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Reardan, WA (WA08)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 0900 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: ZWAINZ FARMS (WA08)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 2795 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 05
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2600 ft / 45 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  47.713333, -117.920000 (est)

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