Sunday, December 29, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Luscombe 8E Silvaire, N2352K; accident occurred July 02, 2019 at Gatlinburg-Pigeon Forge Airport (KGKT), Sevierville, Sevier County, Tennessee

 View of Tailwheel.
Federal Aviation Administration

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Sevierville, TN
Accident Number: ERA19TA222
Date & Time: 07/02/2019, 0930 EDT
Registration: N2352K
Aircraft: Luscombe 8
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Substantially Damaged Right Wing.
Federal Aviation Administration

On July 2, 2019, about 0930 eastern daylight time, a Luscombe 8E, N2352K, was substantially damaged during the landing and subsequent runway excursion at Gatlinburg-Pigeon Forge Airport (GKT), Sevierville, Tennessee. The private pilot and pilot-rated passenger were not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the local flight that departed about 0815.

The pilot reported that he had purchased the airplane the day prior to the accident and planned to complete a local time building flight. He departed the airport and performed maneuvers in the local area, returned to GKT, and completed 4 normal wheel landings on runway 28. On the fifth wheel landing, the pilot reported that both main landing gear touched down about 55-60 mph on the runway centerline, and about 30 mph, the tailwheel settled to the runway.

As soon as the tailwheel touched down, the pilot stated he felt a rumble "like a machine gun" and the airplane continued to track the centerline for about 5-6 seconds, but then veered to the right. He applied left rudder, and the airplane subsequently veered left off the runway and the right main landing gear collapsed. The right-wing spar sustained substantial damage when it impacted terrain. The pilot reported that when he exited the airplane, he observed that the tailwheel was at rest 90° to the right, perpendicular to the fuselage.

Examination of the tailwheel assembly by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector revealed that it moved freely, and no binds or control linkage problems were discovered. He reported that the chain and spring assembly on the tailwheel were a "little loose."

According to FAA airman records, the pilot in command held a private pilot certificate, with a rating for airplane single-engine land. He completed the Basic Medical certification on September 12, 2018. He reported he had accumulated 439 total flight hours, of which 9 hours were in the accident make and model airplane. He reported he received a tailwheel endorsement in January 2009.

According to FAA airworthiness records, the tailwheel equipped airplane was powered by a Continental C85 engine. The most recent annual inspection was completed on July 1, 2019.

At 0940, the reported weather at GKT included 10 statute miles visibility, clear skies, calm wind, temperature 28°C, dew point 21°C, and barometric pressure of 30.06 inches of mercury. The pilot reported that the wind was calm.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 61, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/12/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/01/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 439 hours (Total, all aircraft), 8.9 hours (Total, this make and model), 439 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Pilot-Rated Passenger Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 80, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None None
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  8000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 0.5 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Luscombe
Registration: N2352K
Model/Series: 8 E
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 5079
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/01/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3813 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: C-85-12F
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 85 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KGKT, 1013 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0940 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Sevierville, TN (GKT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Sevierville, TN (GKT)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0815 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Gatlinburg-Pigeon Forge (GKT)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1014 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 28
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5500 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.856944, -83.524444 (est)

1 comment:

  1. Guessing the tailwheel began to shimmy after meeting the runway.. Cause might be higher than normal touch speed, and setup and geometry of tailwheel. The pictures looked like a Maule style tailwheel that can be adjusted to reduce this tendency. If you have room, pushing nose down and unloading tailwheel, while keeping plane straight until you slow down seems to help.