Wednesday, June 05, 2019

Part(s) Separation From Aircraft: Piper PA-28-161, N8132X; accident occurred October 28, 2018 at Simsbury Airport (4B9), Hartford County, Connecticut

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Enfield, Connecticut

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Simsbury, CT
Accident Number: ERA19LA030
Date & Time: 10/28/2018, 1645 EDT
Registration: N8132X
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Part(s) separation from AC
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On October 28, 2018, about 1645 eastern daylight time, a Piper PA-28-161, N8132X, was substantially damaged after a runway excursion and collision with a ditch at Simsbury Airport (4B9) Simsbury, Connecticut. The commercial pilot and pilot-rated passenger were not injured. The airplane was operated by Interstate Aviation, Inc. under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the flight that originated at Bradley International Airport (BDL), Windsor Locks, Connecticut, about 1635.

According to pilot, he was in the traffic pattern at 4B9 practicing approaches and touch-and-go landings. After touchdown on runway 21 for a full stop landing, the brakes "failed." He elected to steer the airplane to the right in an effort to avoid a fence and slow the airplane in the grass. The airplane departed the runway surface and collided with a ditch. The pilots exited the airplane and were met by first responders. The pilot also reported that, during taxi out for takeoff, the wheel brakes were "sluggish."

An inspector with the Federal Aviation Administration responded to the accident site and examined the wreckage. He reported that the left wing sustained structural damage during the landing. The left main landing gear separated and was found adjacent to the wreckage. The inboard and outboard brake pads exhibited normal wear. The brake assembly was attached in its normal position by two AN bolts. The brake assembly puck to brake pad and the brake supply hydraulic line also showed evidence of leaking hydraulic fluid.

An examination of the right main landing gear wheel brake assembly revealed that it was missing from its proper mounting position on the right gear trunnion. The assembly was not installed onto the main wheel brake rotor with the required AN bolts. The hydraulic fluid line and elbow fitting were also not attached to the brake assembly.

A review of the airplane maintenance records revealed that a 100-hr inspection was completed on October 10, 2018, or 18 days before the accident. The inspection entry included the following: "Serviced all tires, wheels, brakes, brake reservoir fluid." The main landing gear tires were also replaced during this inspection. The last maintenance entry where brake parts were replaced was on October 16, 2017.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 70, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right 
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/25/2018
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/26/2017
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 2866 hours (Total, all aircraft), 83 hours (Total, this make and model), 2725 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft) 

Pilot-Rated Passenger Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 55, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s):None 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s):None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/23/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 700 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N8132X
Model/Series: PA28 161
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-8016162
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/10/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2326 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 32 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3198 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-D3G
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 161 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: BDL, 195 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 4 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1651 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 90°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:   10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 3500 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.75 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 10°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Windsor Locks, CT (BDL)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Simsbury, CT (4B9)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1635 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Simsbury Airport (4B9)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 195 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 21
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2205 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  41.916111, -72.776944 (est)

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