Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Nose Over: Cessna A185F Skywagon, N14ED, accident occurred July 01, 2018 at Miami Seaplane Base (X44), Florida

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miramar, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Miami, FL
Accident Number: GAA18CA388
Date & Time: 07/01/2018, 1130 EDT
Registration: N14ED
Aircraft: Cessna A185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Positioning 


According to the pilot, he inadvertently failed to retract the wheels of the amphibious airplane after takeoff from a hard surface runway. Upon arrival at his destination, he did not use the Before Landing checklist, and when the airplane touched down on the water with the wheels extended, it nosed over.

The amphibious airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing lift strut, the empennage, the right wing aileron, the rudder, and the elevator.

The pilot asserted that the accident was pilot error and that the accident could have been prevented if he had he used the checklist.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the amphibious airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to retract the wheels of the amphibious airplane on takeoff, which resulted in a nose-over when the airplane landed on water with the wheels extended. Contributing to the accident was the pilot's failure to use appropriate checklists.



Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)
Use of checklist - Pilot (Factor)

Factual Information

History of Flight



Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 26, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/11/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/25/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 756.3 hours (Total, all aircraft), 20 hours (Total, this make and model), 289.5 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 128.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 36.3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N14ED
Model/Series: A185 F
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1972
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18502107
Landing Gear Type: Amphibian; Ski/wheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/01/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3525 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 169.5 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520
Registered Owner:  Conch Republic Aviation Llc
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: Tropic Ocean Airways LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMIA, 29 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 8 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1553 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 274°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 6500 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 24°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fort Lauderdale, FL (FLL)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Miami, FL (X44)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1100 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Miami (X44)
Runway Surface Type: Water
Airport Elevation: 6 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Water--calm
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  25.778333, -80.170278 (est)

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