Thursday, June 13, 2019

Hard Landing: Cessna 177B Cardinal, N11823; accident occurred May 30, 2019 at Festus Memorial Airport (KFES), Jefferson County, Missouri

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Saint Louis, Missouri

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Document - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Festus, MO
Accident Number: GAA19CA353
Date & Time: 05/30/2019, 1900 CDT
Registration: N11823
Aircraft: Cessna 177
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 3 None 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The pilot reported that, during landing, the airplane "caught a crosswind" and became airborne again. The airplane touched back down and veered off the runway to the right into the grass. The pilot was able to get the airplane back onto the runway and taxied to park without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The Federal Aviation Administrator inspector reported that the airplane damage was consistent with a hard landing, including a tail strike. He added that further evidence of a tail strike was noted on the bottom side of the tail underneath the vertical stabilizer.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 71, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/02/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/19/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 736 hours (Total, all aircraft), 12.4 hours (Total, this make and model), 2.5 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 0.9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N11823
Model/Series: 177 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1975
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17702370
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
Engine Model/Series: O-360 SER
Registered Owner: Fenton Flyers Inc
Rated Power:
Operator: Fenton Flyers Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCPS, 413 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 25 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2353 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 25°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 6000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 8500 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 260°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.83 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point:
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Unknown
Destination: Festus, MO (FES)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 433 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 01
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2202 ft / 49 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Explosion:None 
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.193056, -90.385833 (est)

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