Friday, June 28, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Cessna 172S Skyhawk, N606JA; accident occurred June 28, 2019 at Phoenix Deer Valley Airport (KDVT), Maricopa County, Arizona

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Phoenix, AZ
Accident Number: GAA19CA375
Date & Time: 06/28/2019, 1033 MST
Registration: N606JA
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The flight instructor reported that, while the student pilot was making a soft-field landing, the airplane's nose was high, and the student chose to go around before touchdown. The airplane did not climb and drifted left. The instructor assumed control of the airplane and attempted to correct by pitching the nose down, adding full power, and decreasing flaps to 20°. However, the airplane did not climb or accelerate and continued to drift left. Subsequently, the airplane touched down and bounced on the gravel infield, entered the ramp area, and impacted a light pole.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the both wings.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 20 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 180° at 4 knots. The student was landing the airplane on runway 7L. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare and failure to maintain the runway heading, which resulted in the loss of airplane control, and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action during a go-around with a crosswind, which resulted in a bounced landing and subsequent impact with a pole.


Heading/course - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation
Pole - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control in flight (Defining event)

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Attempted remediation/recovery
Abnormal runway contact
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/24/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/11/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 807 hours (Total, all aircraft), 706 hours (Total, this make and model), 709 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 293 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 60 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 35, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/06/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 148 hours (Total, all aircraft), 148 hours (Total, this make and model), 3 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 43 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N606JA
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2001
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S8767
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/07/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines:  1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 14565.2 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Aguila Aircraft Leasing Llc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Westwind School of Aeronautics Phoenix Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDVT, 1455 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1753 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 129°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / Convective
Wind Direction: 180°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / Light
Altimeter Setting: 29.95 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 36°C / -1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Phoenix, AZ (DVT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Phoenix, AZ (DVT)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0910 MST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Phoenix Deer Valley (DVT)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1478 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 07L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4500 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around; Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.688333, -112.082500 (est)

Friday, June 28th 1800z 

Aircraft bounced on landing and ran into light pole on tie down ramp severing right wing.

Two foreign nationals had minor lacerations.

Phoenix Fire Department did not respond.


  1. REALLY ?.... guess one of them didn't know how to fly that plane.. maybe both !

  2. We do not teach bounces.

    We do teach go-rounds.

    We attempt to teach judgement.

  3. Nosegear collapse indicates high speed landing nose down and/or subsequent "porpoising" which may have damaged nosegear, causing aircraft to veer off runway.