Sunday, March 24, 2019

Landing Gear Not Configured: Cessna T210N Turbo Centurion, N5340Y; accident occurred September 14, 2018 at San Luis Obispo County Regional Airport (KSBP), California

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Jose, California

Location: San Luis Obispo, CA
Accident Number: WPR18LA264
Date & Time: 09/14/2018, 1718 PDT
Registration: N5340Y
Aircraft: Cessna T210
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On September 14, 2018, about 1718 Pacific daylight time, a Cessna T210 airplane, N5340Y, was substantially damaged during landing roll at San Luis County Regional Airport (SBP), San Luis Obispo, California. The private pilot was not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the cross-country flight. The flight originated from John Wayne-Orange County Airport (SNA), Santa Ana, California at 1613, with a destination of SBP.

The pilot reported that during the approach to land at SBP, he selected the landing gear to the DOWN position, after which he felt the gear extending into place. Following the gear extension, he observed the left main landing gear out the window and felt that everything was normal. As the airplane contacted the runway at 65 to 70 knots, he felt a "…bump up from the right" as the nose landing gear immediately made contact with the runway. The airplane veered to the right as it exited the runway, and completed a 180° turn before coming to rest in the runway safety area. Additionally, the pilot reported that he did not hear the landing gear warning horn, nor did he remember seeing the landing indicator lights during the approach. The pilot wore a noise cancelling headset during the flight.

Initial examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the right main landing gear was retracted, and that the right horizontal stabilizer and the right elevator had impacted the ground and were buckled upwards. Subsequent to the airplane being relocated to a facility on the airport, the landing gear extension motor was replaced. The landing gear was tested, and no anomalies were noted. The warning horn sounded, and landing gear indicator lights illuminated during the testing. It was revealed during the examination that the landing gear extension motor was the original pump installed during the manufacturing of the airplane. When the motor was disassembled, internal wear was observed.

The six-seat, high-wing, retractable tricycle-gear airplane, serial number (S/N) 21064173 was manufactured in 1981 and had accumulated 6,813.5 hours total airframe time at the last annual inspection on March 22, 2018.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/16/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/31/2017
Flight Time: 2563.9 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2521 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5340Y
Model/Series: T210 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 21064173
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/22/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6813.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Teledyne Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-520R
Registered Owner: Cripe Michael L
Rated Power: 310 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSPD, 200 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 20 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1655 PST
Direction from Accident Site: 290°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 13 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 310°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.85 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Santa Ana, CA (KSNA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: San Luis Obispo, CA (KSBP)
Type of Clearance: Traffic Advisory; VFR; VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1613 PST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 212 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6101 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  35.237500, -120.640556 (est)

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