Saturday, March 30, 2019

Nose Over: Cessna 172K Skyhawk, N7127G; accident occurred March 26, 2019 at Pella Municipal Airport (KPEA), Marion County, Iowa

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Des Moines, Iowa

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Pella, IA
Accident Number: GAA19CA193
Date & Time: 03/26/2019, 1450 CDT
Registration: N7127G
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The flight instructor reported that, during the landing with the student pilot on the flight controls, about 5 to 10 feet above the ground, a gust of wind caused the airplane to drift to the right. The instructor assumed control of the airplane, attempted to correct, applied full power, and initiated a go-around. The airplane was "low and slow" and the left main landing gear contacted the runway and the airplane drifted left. Concerned the airplane would not gain significant altitude to clear the buildings in the flight path, the instructor elected to land in the grass left of the runway. Subsequently, the airplane encountered soft terrain and nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damaged to the aft fuselage and rudder.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

About the time of the accident, the automated weather reporting station, located on the airport, reported that the wind was from 170° at 5 knots. The student pilot was landing the airplane on runway 16.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain the runway heading and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action during landing, which resulted in the instructor landing the airplane in grass left of the runway and a subsequent nose-over.


Aircraft Heading/course - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Environmental issues Soft surface - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Loss of control in flight
Landing Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing-aborted after touchdown Abnormal runway contact
Landing Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 41, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/22/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/16/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 562.2 hours (Total, all aircraft), 314.5 hours (Total, this make and model), 494.9 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 61.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 17, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/28/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 51 hours (Total, all aircraft), 42.4 hours (Total, this make and model), 3.1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3.9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N7127G
Model/Series: 172 K
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17258827
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/17/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10600 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E2D
Registered Owner: Classic Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: Classic Aviation Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPEA, 885 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2155 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 186°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 170°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.32 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Pella, IA (PEA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Unknown
Destination: Pella, IA (PEA)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time:  CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Pella Muni (PEA)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 884 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 16
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5403 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.401111, -92.945833 (est)

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