Friday, February 22, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-22-150 Tri-Pacer, N7822D; accident occurred February 21, 2019 at Scappoose Industrial Airpark (KSPB), Scappoose, Columbia County, Oregon

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Portland, Oregon

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf



Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N7822D



Location: Scappoose, OR
Accident Number: GAA19CA150
Date & Time: 02/21/2019, 1425 PST
Registration: N7822D
Aircraft: Piper PA22
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis 

The solo student pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he intended to accomplish a three-point landing. During the landing flare, the airspeed decreased, and just before touchdown, he applied aft yoke pressure to pin the tailwheel on the runway. As the main landing gear touched down, the airplane veered left, and it then exited the left side of the runway and collided with taxiway signage.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left main landing gear attachment points.

The student reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll, which resulted in a runway excursion and collision with taxiway signage.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Sign/marker - Effect on equipment (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 62, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/09/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 54.3 hours (Total, all aircraft), 53.3 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N7822D
Model/Series: PA22 150
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1957
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 22-5468
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/18/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5020 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-B1A
Registered Owner: Twinco Leasing Llc
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: Twinco Leasing Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSPB, 55 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1410 PST
Direction from Accident Site: 19°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 130°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.17 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 10°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Scappoose, OR (SPB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Scappoose, OR (SPB)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1418 PST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Scappoose Industrial Airpark (SPB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 58 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5100 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Stop and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 45.771111, -122.861944 (est)


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Portland, Oregon

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Scappoose, OR
Accident Number: GAA17CA199
Date & Time: 04/03/2017, 1930 PDT
Registration: N7822D
Aircraft: PIPER PA 22
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis

The student pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he accomplished several takeoffs and landings on the asphalt runway during his solo flight in the pattern. He reported that, during his sixth landing, the airplane swerved to the left and subsequently swerved to the right during the landing roll. He attempted to control the airplane's direction with rudder pedal application, but he inadvertently applied the toe brakes, and the airplane nosed over. The airplane sustained substantial damage to both left side wing struts, the rudder, and the windscreen.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's loss of directional control during the landing roll and his subsequent inadvertent brake application, which resulted in a nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Brake - Unintentional use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Nose over/nose down 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 50, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/28/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/27/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 106 hours (Total, all aircraft), 41 hours (Total, this make and model), 16 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N7822D
Model/Series: PA 22
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1957
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 22-5468
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats:  4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/03/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines:  1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320
Registered Owner: N7822D LLC
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSPB, 55 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0353 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 19°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 270°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.08 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 7°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Scappoose, OR (SPB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Scappoose, OR (SPB)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1830 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SCAPPOOSE INDUSTRIAL AIRPARK (SPB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 58 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5100 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 45.771111, -122.861944 (est)

No comments: