Saturday, February 09, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172R Skyhawk, N9525V; accident occurred February 04, 2019 at Hanover County Municipal Airport (KOFP), Virginia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Hanover, VA

Accident Number: GAA19CA130
Date & Time: 02/04/2019, 1645 EST
Registration: N9525V
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The solo student pilot reported that, while taxiing to the runway for departure, he attempted to adjust the seat to get a "better view." When he released the seat latch, the seat moved aft, and he was unable to reach the rudder pedals or brake pedals with his feet. He added that he was unable to lean forward because his seat belt was secured. Subsequently, the airplane veered left, and he pulled the engine throttle to idle, but the airplane exited the taxiway into a ditch and struck a wire fence.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and right horizontal stabilizer.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper decision to release the seat latch to adjust the seat position during taxi, which resulted in his inability to reach the rudder or brake pedals and a subsequent loss of directional control and impact with a ditch and fence. 


Seat/cargo attach fitting - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Decision making/judgment - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Fence/fence post - Contributed to outcome
Sloped/uneven terrain - Contributed to outcome
Access to equipment/controls - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Taxi-to runway
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 31, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/21/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 34 hours (Total, all aircraft), 34 hours (Total, this make and model), 2 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N9525V
Model/Series: 172 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17280315
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/28/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3899.6 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series: IO360 SER A&C
Registered Owner: Heart Of Virginia Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Heart Of Virginia Aviation Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As: HOVA Flight Services
Operator Designator Code: KOFP 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOFP, 205 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1654 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 92°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 10°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 16°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Hanover, VA (OFP)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Hanover, VA (OFP)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1643 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 206 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.708056, -77.436389 (est)

No comments:

Post a Comment