Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Cessna 152, registered to Air Christian Inc and operated by Dean International Inc, N94292: Accident occurred November 13, 2016 in Miami, Florida

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miramar, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N94292




Location: Miami, FL
Accident Number: ERA17LA044
Date & Time: 11/13/2016, 1400 EDT
Registration: N94292
Aircraft: CESSNA 152
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (total)
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On November 13, 2016, about 1400 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 152, N94292, was substantially damaged during a forced landing following a total loss of engine power near Miami, Florida. The private pilots were not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and a visual flight rules flight plan was filed for the instructional flight operated by Dean International, Inc which was destined for Miami Executive Airport (TMB), Miami, Florida. The flight originated at Lakeland Linder Airport (LAL), Lakeland, Florida about 1220, and was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

Each pilot provided a written statement, and both statements were consistent throughout. The pilots described the flight as a "buddy" flight, the purpose of which was to build flight time for each.

The airplane was in cruise flight over the Everglades about 2,000 feet when the crew noted some engine "roughness." They noted that the engine oil temperature was "normal" but the engine oil pressure indication was "low." The pilot on the controls turned the airplane towards the nearest airport, which was 18 miles from its position at that time. Approximately 1 minute later, the engine stopped producing power, and the crew selected a road for the forced landing. During the descent, an engine restart was attempted and was unsuccessful.

The airplane touched down prior to the road on soft, wet ground, nosed over, and came to rest inverted. The pilots egressed the airplane uninjured. During recovery of the airplane, large cracks were noted in the engine crankcase near the number 2 cylinder.

The pilot held a private pilot certificate with ratings for airplane single engine land and instrument airplane. His most recent first-class medical certificate was issued on September 8, 2015. The pilot reported 212.5 total hours of flight experience, all of which were in the accident airplane make and model.

The copilot held a private pilot certificate with a rating for airplane single engine land. His most recent first-class medical certificate was issued on July 11, 2016. The copilot reported 128.3 total hours of flight experience, all of which were in the accident airplane make and model.

The two-seat, single-engine, high-wing airplane was manufactured in 1982 and was equipped with a Lycoming O-235 series engine. Its most recent 100-hour inspection was completed November 3, 2016 at 10,955 total aircraft hours and the airplane had accrued 52 hours since that date. C&G Aircraft Maintenance, a Dean International company, completed engine overhaul 246 aircraft hours prior to the accident.

On November 18, 2016, a detailed examination of the engine supervised by an FAA aviation safety inspector revealed the crankshaft was broken at the No. 3 rod journal and displayed signatures consistent with "extreme heat."

The No. 3 connecting rod bolts fractured at the point where the nut contacts the connecting rod. Each connecting rod nut had a flat faced side, and a raised lip side. As found, the nuts were installed with the raised-lip side touching the connecting rod. According to Lycoming Service Instruction No. 1458G, "Nuts to be assembled with flat face side touching the connecting rod."

The caution associated with the orientation of the connecting rod nuts at installation stated:

CORRECT INSTALLATION OF THE NEW NUT ON EACH NEW CONNECTING ROD BOLT IS NECESSARY FOR CORRECT CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY. EACH CONNECTING ROD NUT HAS TWO DIFFERENT SURFACES, ONE SURFACE IS FLAT AND THE OTHER HAS A RAISED LIP. BE SURE TO INSTALL EACH NUT ON THE CONNECTING ROD BOLT WITH THE FLAT FACE TOUCHING THE ROD AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 2. THE RAISED LIP SURFACE IS AWAY FROM THE ROD. THE CONNECTING ROD BOLT CANNOT BE TIGHTENED CORRECTLY IF THE NUT ON THE CONNECTING ROD IS INSTALLED INCORRECTLY.


Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 23, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/08/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  212.5 hours (Total, all aircraft), 212.5 hours (Total, this make and model), 122 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 20, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/11/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  128.3 hours (Total, all aircraft), 128.3 hours (Total, this make and model), 107 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N94292
Model/Series: 152 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1982
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: 15285643
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/03/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1669 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 52 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3782.7 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-235 SERIES
Registered Owner: AIR CHRISTIAN INC
Rated Power: 110 hp
Operator: Dean International INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: D4RS 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan


Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KFXE, 14 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 26 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 109°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 3000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 110°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.03 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 15°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: LAKELAND, FL (LAL)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: MIAMI, FL (TMB)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1220 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information


Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 26.336944, -80.625278

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Great job by a couple of new pilots. Castrophic engine failure they could not have prevented.