Friday, October 19, 2018

Beech 35-C33 Debonair, N829T: Incident occurred October 10, 2018 at Cape Girardeau Regional Airport (KCGI), Missouri -and- Accident occurred July 19, 2015 at Wilmington International Airport (KILM), North Carolina

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; St. Louis, Missouri

Declared emergency and diverted due to engine trouble, landed safely, damage to aircraft due to engine problem.

Date: 10-OCT-18
Time: 20:00:00Z
Regis#: N829T
Aircraft Make: BEECH
Aircraft Model: 35 C33
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: UNKNOWN
Operation: 91

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Greensboro, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Wilmington, NC
Accident Number: ERA15LA273
Date & Time: 07/19/2015, 1030 EDT
Registration: N829T
Aircraft: BEECH 35-C33
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On July 19, 2015, about 1030 eastern daylight time, a Beech 35-C33, N829T, was substantially damaged during landing at Wilmington International Airport (ILM), Wilmington, North Carolina. The commercial pilot was not injured. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight, which departed Pilots Ridge Airport (03NC), Carolina Beach, North Carolina, about 1015. The flight was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, he departed 03NC for ILM with the intent of completing several touch-and-go landings. Shortly after rotation during the takeoff from 03NC, his airspeed indicator was indicating low and sporadic, but he was confident that he had flying speed. The engine sounded strong, and there was not enough runway remaining to "cut power" and land, so he continued the short flight. He contacted ILM air traffic control and requested an expedited landing since the airplane did not "feel right." He reported that he kept the landing gear down and continued to ILM with a low cruise power setting. He was directed to runway 24 and cleared to land. He reported completing his pre-landing check list and, due to no reliable airspeed indication, establishing approach power settings. He lowered the flaps and at 6 to 8 ft above the runway, reduced power to idle to bleed off air speed to a near stall touch down. He reported that, after a short time with the wheels at full runway contact, the landing gear "collapsed." When asked about operating the landing gear selector, the pilot stated that he did not recall moving the selector.

A flight instructor who witnessed the airplane during the final approach noted that the landing gear was in the extended position.

The pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with a rating for lighter-then-air balloons, and a private pilot certificate with ratings for airplane single-engine land, airplane multiengine land, and instrument airplane. His most recent Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) third-class medical certificate was issued May 19, 2015. The pilot reported that he had accrued approximately 7,600 total hours of flight experience, of which 50 hours were in the accident airplane make and model.

The low-wing, retractable landing gear airplane, serial number CD-821, was manufactured in 1964 and powered by a Continental Motors IO 520-series engine, rated to produce 285 horsepower. The airplane's most recent annual inspection was completed on June 1, 2015. At the time of the inspection, the airplane had accrued 3,181.0 total hours of operation.

The FAA inspector who responded to the accident location reported the nose landing gear was collapsed, the main landing gear was partially extended, and noted scaring of the runway surface. Examination of the airplane by a mechanic revealed that the main landing gear inner doors were ground down, scrubbing was evident on the sides of the main tires, the nose landing gear was in its well with the actuating rod bent, and the wing roots (inboard ribs and wing structure) were substantially damaged. The mechanic stated that "examination of the landing gear position, and the three push-pull rods connected to the gear box for landing gear retraction and extension, revealed that the landing gear had not collapsed but had been in "transition" when the airplane touched down." The inboard main landing gear doors were open, and the landing gear circuit breaker was tripped. There was no evidence of pre-accident malfunction and the mechanic was able to extend the landing gear manually.

Beechcraft Pilot Operating Handbook

According to the airplane's pilot operating handbook (POH), Section IV, "Normal Procedures" stated in the before landing checklist, "Landing Gear – DOWN and CHECK."

Section VII, "Systems Description" stated "The landing gears are operated through adjustable linkage connected to an actuator assembly mounted beneath the front seats. The actuator assembly is driven by an electric motor. The landing gear may be electrically retracted and extended, and in an emergency may be extended manually." The section further described that "landing gear position indicator lights on the right side of the control console show red when the gear is up, or green when it is down, illuminating only when the actuator assembly reaches either extreme. In addition, a mechanical indicator on the floorboard beneath the control console shows the position of the nose gear. Its pointer is linked by a cable to the actuating mechanism and moves simultaneously with it." The POH also stated that "the landing gear circuit breaker will pop out under overload conditions."

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Private
Age: 67, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Balloon
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/19/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  7500 hours (Total, all aircraft), 50 hours (Total, this make and model), 7500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: BEECH
Registration: N829T
Model/Series: 35-C33
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: CD-821
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/01/2015, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3053 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 1 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3181 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO 520 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 285 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: ILM, 31 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 1053 EDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 23°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point:  CAROLINA BEACH, NC (03NC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wilmington, NC (ILM)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1020 EDT
Type of Airspace: Air Traffic Control; Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 31 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 24
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8016 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None

Latitude, Longitude: 34.271111, -77.902778 (est)

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