Thursday, July 19, 2018

Loss of Engine Power (Total): Eagle DW-1, N8805X; accident occurred July 18, 2018 in Ider, DeKalb County, Alabama

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Birmingham, Alabama
Textron Lycoming; Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N8805X

Location: Ider, AL
Accident Number: ERA18LA195
Date & Time: 07/18/2018, 1400 CDT
Registration: N8805X
Aircraft: Eagle DW1
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (total)
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 137: Agricultural 

On July 18, 2018, about 1400 central daylight time, an Eagle DW-1, N8805X, was substantially damaged when it made a forced landing following a total loss of engine power while maneuvering near Ider, Alabama. The pilot was not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations as a Part 137 aerial application flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed.

The pilot stated that he was maneuvering at 1,500 ft when the engine stopped producing power after he heard a "deep knock" in the engine followed by the entire windshield getting covered with oil. The pilot made a forced landing to a service road and the airplane struck a barbed-wire fence with the right wings before coming to rest upright on the edge of a soybean field. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the upper and lower right wings, the outboard section of the left wings, and the fuselage. Two of the three propeller blades were displaced aft.

Postaccident examination of the airplane revealed a large hole in the left side of the engine cowling and a large amount of oil over the entire nose and windshield. The No. 2 cylinder had separated from the cylinder mounting deck. Two fractured sections of the left crankcase that included part of the No. 2 cylinder bore were found lying in the engine cowling. All but one of the No. 2 cylinder base studs and thru bolts remained in the cylinder/crankcase bore and were fractured. Photographs of the fractured studs/bolts were reviewed by the National Transportation Safety Board's Materials laboratory. The fractured surfaces exhibited signatures consistent with fatigue

A review of the engine maintenance logbook revealed that all six cylinders were replaced in September 2015 at a total engine time of 1,334.0 hours. At the time of the accident, the engine had accrued 1,582.43 hours and 248.43 hours since the No. 2 cylinder was installed.

In the June 2014 issue of Sport Aviation, the author of the "Savvy Aviator" column noted that, according to a veteran mechanic/expert witness, "who specializes in research on fastener torque and engine assembly practices,…the root cause of spun bearings, thrown rods, and separated cylinders is simply, 'a failure to achieve sufficient preload in the assembled fasteners.'"

The author further noted that, "preload is the technical term for the clamping force created by tightening a fastener (typically a threaded bolt or stud) that holds assembled parts together. Having sufficient preload is the key to a strong and reliable bolted joint that will not loosen, break, or shift under the load. In order for a bolted joint to be stable under cyclic repetitive stress, the preload on the fasteners must be greater than the maximum stress that is trying to pull the joint apart. If this condition is met, the joint will not separate, and the fasteners won't 'feel' the repetitive stress cycles. But if it isn't, the joint will shift under load and the fasteners will ultimately fail from repetitive stress fatigue."

The pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with a rating for airplane single-engine land. His last Federal Aviation Administration second-class medical was issued on December 30, 2017. The pilot reported a total flight time of 2,214.4 hours.

Weather reported at Huntsville International Airport (HSV), Huntsville, Alabama, about 53 miles northwest of the accident site, at 1353, was: wind from 310° at 6 knots, visibility 10 miles, scattered clouds at 3,600 ft, scattered clouds at 25,000 ft, temperature 32° C, dew point 24°, and an altimeter setting of 29.97 inches Hg.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 66, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Center
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/17/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/20/2017
Flight Time: 2214.4 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Eagle
Registration: N8805X
Model/Series: DW1 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Restricted
Serial Number: DW-1-0036-81
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/23/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection: 23 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4432.93 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: IO-540
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 260 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Agricultural Aircraft (137)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: HSV, 629 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 53 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1353 CDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3600 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 310°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 24°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Ider, AL
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Ider, AL
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  CDT
Type of Airspace: Unknown

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  34.714167, -85.680833 (est)

Location: Ider, AL
Accident Number: ERA18LA195
Date & Time: 07/18/2018, 1400 CDT
Registration: N8805X
Aircraft: Eagle DW1
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 137: Agricultural

On July 18, 2018, about 1400 central daylight time, an Eagle DW-1 bi-plane, N8805X, was substantially damaged when it made a forced landing due to a total loss of engine power while maneuvering near Ider, Alabama. The pilot was not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 137 agricultural flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed.

The pilot stated that he was maneuvering at 1,500 ft when the engine stopped producing power after he heard a "deep knock" in the engine followed by the entire windshield getting covered with oil. The pilot made a forced landing to a service road and the airplane struck a barbed-wire fence with the right wings before coming to rest upright on the edge of a soybean field. The airplane sustained substantial damage to both right wings, the outboard section of the left wings, and the fuselage.

Examination of the engine revealed the No. 2 cylinder had separated from the engine. The airplane and engine were retained for further investigation.

The pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with a rating for airplane single-engine land. His last Federal Aviation Administration second-class medical was issued on December 30, 2017. The pilot reported a total flight time of 2,214.4 hours.

Weather reported at Huntsville International Airport (HSV), Huntsville, Alabama, about 53 miles northwest of the accident site, at 1353, was: wind from 310° at 6 knots, visibility 10 miles, scattered clouds at 3,600 ft, scattered clouds at 25,000 ft, temperature 32° C, dew point 24°, and an altimeter setting of 29.97 inches Hg. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Eagle
Registration: N8805X
Model/Series: DW1 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Agricultural Aircraft (137) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: HSV, 629 ft msl
Observation Time: 1353 CDT
Distance from Accident Site: 53 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 24°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3600 ft agl
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 6 knots / , 310°
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Ider, AL
Destination: Ider, AL

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 34.714167, -85.680833 (est)

No comments: