Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Mooney M20J 201, N201FD: Accident occurred June 19, 2018 at Charlotte-Monroe Executive Airport (EQY), Monroe, Union County, North Carolina

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional participating entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Charlotte, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Battenti Ingegnere LLC

Location: Monroe, NC
Accident Number: ERA18LA172
Date & Time: 06/19/2018, 1350 EDT
Registration: N201FD
Aircraft: MOONEY M20J
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On June 19, 2018, at 1350 eastern daylight time, a Mooney M201FD, N201FD, was substantially damaged during a forced landing following a missed approach to runway 5 at Charlotte-Monroe Executive Airport (EQY), Monroe, North Carolina. The private pilot was not injured and the pilot-rated passenger sustained minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight which departed Jim Hamilton L. B. Owens Airport (CUB), Columbia, South Carolina about 1245, and was conducted under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

In a written statement, the pilot said the purpose of the flight was to practice instrument approaches at three different airports, and then return to CUB; his home airport. The pilot-rated passenger, who was not instrument rated, accompanied him as a "safety pilot."

According to the pilot, he had completed the ILS RWY 5 instrument approach procedure at EQY to near decision altitude and initiated the missed approach with a climbing right turn, when about 600 feet above ground level (agl), "the engine suddenly started to falter."

The pilot visually checked the mixture, throttle, propeller, and fuel pump settings and turned left for a forced landing on runway 23. The pilot maneuvered the airplane over trees and buildings on the airport perimeter towards the runway "just above" stall speed. As the airplane neared the landing surface heading about 270 degrees and about 8 feet agl, the airplane stalled, landed hard on the paved surface, and continued into the grass between the runway and parallel taxiway.

The pilot held a private pilot certificate with ratings for airplane single engine land and instrument airplane. His most recent Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) 3rd class medical was issued March 20, 2017. The pilot reported 772 total hours of flight experience, of which 137 were in the accident airplane make and model.

According to FAA records, the airplane was manufactured in 1977. Its most recent annual inspection was completed April 4, 2018 at 5,391 total aircraft hours.

At 1353, the weather recorded at EQY included scattered clouds at 7,000 feet and variable winds at 4 knots. The temperature was 36°C, and the dew point was 19°C. The altimeter setting was 29.96 inches of mercury.

Examination of photographs revealed substantial damage to the wings and fuselage.

Under the supervision of an FAA aviation safety inspector, electrical power was applied and an engine start was attempted at EQY. The engine rotated when the starter was actuated, but the start attempt was unsuccessful. While troubleshooting, compression was confirmed on each cylinder using the thumb method, fuel delivery was confirmed, and spark was confirmed at the top spark plugs for cylinders 1 and 3, and the bottom spark plugs for cylinders 2 and 4. Subsequent start attempts were also unsuccessful. The engine exam was suspended and the airplane was scheduled for recovery from the site and further examination. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Registration: N201FD
Model/Series: M20J NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:
Condition of Light:
Observation Facility, Elevation: KEQY, 679 ft msl
Observation Time: 1753 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 36°C / 19°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 7000 ft agl
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Light and Variable / , Variable
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.96 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: COLUMBIA, SC (CUB)
Destination:  Monroe, NC (EQY)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.017500, -80.621944

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