Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Diamond DA-20, N992CT: Accident occurred June 16, 2018 at Spanish Fork-Springville Airport (KSPK) and accident occurred December 02, 2016 in Payson, Utah

Additional participating entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Salt Lake City, Utah

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N992CT



Location: Spanish Fork, UT
Accident Number: GAA18CA358
Date & Time: 06/16/2018, 1022 PDT
Registration: N992CT
Aircraft: DIAMOND AIRCRAFT IND INC DA 20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The flight instructor and pilot receiving instruction reported that, the pilot performed a soft field takeoff and once in ground effect, he reduced back pressure and the instructor heard the stall warning horn and observed a low airspeed. The instructor told the pilot to reduce the pitch, the pilot lowered the nose a little, but the airplane continued to climb. The instructor told the pilot to reduce pitch again, but the pilot reported he was concerned about a possible propeller strike. The flight instructor took the flight controls, but the airplane had turned to the right and he experienced a "loss of control". The airplane landed off the right side of the runway, the instructor reduced power, the left main landing gear separated, and the airplane came to rest.

The instructor and student reported that the airplane had aerodynamically stalled.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The flight instructor and pilot receiving instruction both reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 26, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:  08/30/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/30/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 650 hours (Total, all aircraft), 350 hours (Total, this make and model), 540 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 160 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 80 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 24, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/25/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/03/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 181.7 hours (Total, all aircraft), 129.7 hours (Total, this make and model), 92.3 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 103.9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 55.4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: DIAMOND AIRCRAFT IND INC
Registration: N992CT
Model/Series: DA 20 C1
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1999
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: C0092
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/06/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1764 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5774.3 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-200
Registered Owner: 992CT AIRCRAFT LEASING LLC
Rated Power: 125 hp
Operator: 992CT AIRCRAFT LEASING LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPVU, 4497 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 5 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1656 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 330°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 6500 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 290°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.77 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 10°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Spanish Fork, UT (SPK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination:  Provo, UT (PVU)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1022 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SPANISH FORK ARPT SPRINGVILLE- (SPK)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4529 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 30
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.143889, -111.666111 (est)



Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office: Salt Lake City, Utah

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

Docket And Docket Items - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Location: Payson, UT
Accident Number: GAA17CA088
Date & Time: 12/02/2016, 1307 MST
Registration: N992CT
Aircraft: DIAMOND AIRCRAFT IND INC DA-20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis 

The solo student pilot reported that, while on a cross-country flight, the weather deteriorated at the destination airport. He decided to complete a touch-and-go landing at an airport along the route and then return to the departure airport. The student pilot further reported that, when he began the flight back to his original point of departure, the airplane had about 3/4 tank of fuel remaining, and a headwind was present. About 10 to 15 nautical miles from the original departure airport, the fuel supply was exhausted, and the student pilot made a forced landing in a field. During the forced landing, the right wing struck a tree and was substantially damaged.

The student pilot did not report any preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper in-flight fuel planning, which resulted in fuel exhaustion.

Findings

Aircraft
Fuel - Fluid level (Cause)

Personnel issues
Fuel planning - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Enroute
Other weather encounter
Fuel exhaustion (Defining event)

Landing
Off-field or emergency landing 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 32, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/26/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 50 hours (Total, all aircraft), 47 hours (Total, this make and model), 21 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 46 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: DIAMOND AIRCRAFT IND INC
Registration: N992CT
Model/Series: DA-20 C-1
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1999
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: C0092
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/24/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1764 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4720.7 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-240-B
Registered Owner: VERSI SERVICES LLC
Rated Power: 125 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPVU, 4497 ft msl
Observation Time: 1858 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 20 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 340°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 6000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: -1°C / -6°C
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility: 10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.23 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: CEDAR CITY, UT (CDC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: SPANISH FORK, UT (U77)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1122 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.064444, -111.726667 (est)

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