Friday, June 22, 2018

Nose Over: Cessna 172B Skyhawk, N8090X, accident occurred June 20, 2018 in Bruington, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Bruington, VA
Accident Number: GAA18CA369
Date & Time: 06/20/2018, 1230 EDT
Registration: N8090X
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, after taking off from an unimproved gravel surface in a field, he did not feel comfortable with the airplane's performance, so he chose to abort the takeoff. The airplane touched down on soft dirt, and the nose landing gear then dug into the dirt and separated from the airplane. The airplane then nosed over and came to rest inverted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper decision to abort the takeoff with insufficient runway remaining to safely stop the airplane.


Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Environmental issues (general) - Decision related to condition
Aircraft (general) - Capability exceeded
Environmental issues Soft surface - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff-rejected takeoff Miscellaneous/other
Landing Part(s) separation from AC
Landing Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial; Flight Engineer; Military
Age: 52, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/17/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/14/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 10235 hours (Total, all aircraft), 350 hours (Total, this make and model), 2780 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 331 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 89 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N8090X
Model/Series: 172 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1961
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17248590
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/23/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2250 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2872 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-300 SER
Registered Owner: JOHN E. CRUMPACKER
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None  

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KXSA, 135 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 4 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1635 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 67°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 3200 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.87 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 23°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Bruington, VA
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Tappahannock, VA (XSA)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1230 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.821667, -76.969167 (est)

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