Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Piper PA-28-181, N922PA: Accident occurred April 24, 2018 and Incident occurred June 09, 2016 at Wickenburg Municipal Airport (E25), Maricopa County, Arizona

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Wickenburg, AZ
Accident Number: GAA18CA234
Date & Time: 04/24/2018, 1740 MST
Registration: N922PA
Aircraft: PIPER PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The flight instructor reported that, while abeam the intended touchdown point, he reduced power to idle for the student pilot to perform a simulated engine failure approach. The student pilot maneuvered for the runway and added full flaps (40°), decreasing airspeed to about 62 to 68 knots. The instructor asked the student if he believed he would be able to make the runway given his airspeed, and the student pilot retracted the flaps to 0° and then back to 25°. The airplane began to sink, the flight instructor added full flaps to "regain some lift", and he instructed the student pilot to recover. The student pilot put both hands on the yoke and pitched up. The flight instructor said, "my controls", applied full power, and attempted to lower the nose, but the student pilot froze and continued to pitch up. The flight instructor repeated the exchange of flight controls command, the student pilot released control of the yoke and retracted the flaps to 0°. The flight instructor put the flaps back to 25° and pitched the nose down in an attempt to recover. The airplane struck the top of a tree, the flight instructor reduced power and landed short of the runway; the nose landing gear collapsed.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and empennage.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that, after conducting interviews, it was revealed that the flight instructor took control of the airplane "well below 500 feet from the ground". He also added that there may have been a communication barrier between the flight instructor and the student pilot. He reported that the student pilot paused for 20 to 30 seconds to comprehend each question before answering.

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 31, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/02/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/18/2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 974 hours (Total, all aircraft), 712 hours (Total, this make and model), 896 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 226 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 85 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 21, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/30/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 36 hours (Total, all aircraft), 36 hours (Total, this make and model), 36 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N922PA
Model/Series: PA28 181
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1999
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2843270
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/06/2018, AAIP
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 19121.6 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A4M
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Aeroguard Flight Training Center
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: MSQT 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLUF, 1085 ft msl
Observation Time: 0058 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 33 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 140°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 35°C / -6°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 11 knots, 210°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.81 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: PHOENIX, AZ (DVT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wickenburg, AZ (E25)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1700 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 2378 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6101 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around; Simulated Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.970278, -112.795000 (est)

June 09, 2016: Aircraft sustained a propeller strike.

Date: 09-JUN-16

Time: 16:30:00Z
Regis#: N922PA
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA28
Event Type: Incident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Minor
Activity: Instruction
Flight Phase: UNKNOWN (UNK)
State: Arizona

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