Saturday, April 21, 2018

Piper PA-22, N1283C: Accident occurred April 19, 2018 in Shelby, Toole County, Montana

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Helena, Montana

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Shelby, MT
Accident Number: GAA18CA220
Date & Time: 04/19/2018, 0900 MDT
Registration: N1283C
Aircraft: PIPER PA 22
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that, while flying over the destination airport, the airplane's engine lost power. He initiated a glide, applied mixture full rich, and restarted the engine, but during the approach the engine lost power again. He checked the fuel gauges and the right gauge read between ¼ and ½ tank, and he switched to the left fuel tank which he knew was full. The engine restarted briefly, but then lost power. He added that, he "must not have put the selector in the [correct] position because [he] had plenty of fuel in the left tank".

During the forced landing, the airplane landed off of the runway, rolled for about 20 to 25 ft., the left main landing gear collapsed, and the airplane came to rest on its nose.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/29/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 200 hours (Total, all aircraft), 3 hours (Total, this make and model), 200 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N1283C
Model/Series: PA 22 135
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1953
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 22-1079
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/12/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2790 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-290-D2
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 135 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCTB, 3838 ft msl
Observation Time: 1456 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 20 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 281°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 2°C / -2°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.16 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Shelby, MT (SBX)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Shelby, MT (SBX)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0720 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SHELBY (SBX)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3442 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Holes; Rough; Soft; Vegetation
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5005 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  48.540833, -111.871111 (est)

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