Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Canadair CL-600-2B19 Regional Jet CRJ-200ER, N261PS: Accident occurred September 13, 2017 at Charlotte Douglas International Airport (KCLT), North Carolina

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Charlotte, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Location: Charlotte, NC
Accident Number: DCA17CA197
Date & Time: 09/13/2017, 1545 EDT
Registration: N261PS
Aircraft: BOMBARDIER INC CL 600 2B19
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Ground collision
Injuries: 1 Serious, 53 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 121: Air Carrier - Scheduled


On September 13, 2017, at 3:45 pm eastern daylight time, PSA Airlines flight 5233, a Bombardier CRJ-200, N261PS, collided with a TLD Jet-16 baggage tug operated by Piedmont Airlines while taxiing at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport (KCLT), Charlotte, North Carolina. The airplane received substantial damage to the left wing and the tug canopy section was damaged. The tug driver was seriously injured and there were no injuries to the 53 passengers and crew onboard the CRJ-200. Weather was daytime visual meteorological conditions.

After landing on runway 18R, the airplane was instructed to taxi to Gate E4. While taxiing in a narrow alleyway near the north end of concourse E, between the concourse and the baggage transfer point, the ground tug impacted the left wingtip.

The tug was driving on non-movement area of the terminal ramp. The baggage tug was slightly in front of the aircraft at about a 10 o'clock position to the captain of the aircraft. A terminal road crosses the taxi alleyway from near Gate E38 to the beginning of area designated as the baggage transfer point. The transfer point is located outside the alleyway and is lined with concrete barriers. Airplane taxi within the alleyway and ground equipment travel perpendicular to aircraft movement when accessing the transfer point. As the tug turned onto the service road and began to cross the roadway he noticed the airplane taxing in the alley. The driver indicated that, in order to avoid a collision, he tightened his right turn in the opposite direction the airplane was traveling before colliding with the left hand wing. The canopy of the baggage tug was sheared off and the leading edge and winglet of the airplane was substantially damaged. The final resting place of the tug was just behind the trailing edge of the wing. There were skid marks from the airplane tires consistent with maximum braking starting when the airplane made contact with the baggage tug. According to airline ground movement procedures, an airplane on the non-movement area always has the right of way. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
the tug operator's initiation of a right turn onto the perpendicular terminal road in proximity to the airplane.


Personnel issues
Incorrect action performance - Ground crew (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

After landing
Ground collision (Defining event) 

Pilot Information

Certificate:  Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 34
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1
Last FAA Medical Exam: 
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  6837 hours (Total, all aircraft), 192 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Co-Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s):
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s):
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 1
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time: 29440 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1025 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: BOMBARDIER INC
Registration: N261PS
Model/Series: CL 600 2B19 100
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2004
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Transport
Serial Number: 7959
Landing Gear Type:  Retractable - Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 43100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines:  2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: GE
Engine Model/Series: CF34 SERIES
Registered Owner:  AFS INVESTMENTS 71 LLC
Rated Power: 9140 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Flag carrier (121)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code:  VNAA 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CLT
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Unknown
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 18 knots/ 24 knots, 230°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting:
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Charleston, WV (CRW)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Charlotte, NC (CLT)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1422 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class B 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 747 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Unknown
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: Unknown
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Unknown 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 50 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries:  1 Serious, 53 None
Latitude, Longitude:  35.130000, -80.560000 (est)

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