Friday, January 26, 2018

Piper PA-32R-301T Saratoga II TC, N1054S: Accident occurred October 01, 2017 at Block Island State Airport (KBID), New Shoreham, Washington County, Rhode Island



Additional participating entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Boston, Massachusetts

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N1054S




Location: Block Island, RI
Accident Number: GAA18CA021
Date & Time: 10/01/2017, 1230 EDT
Registration: N1054S
Aircraft: PIPER PA32R
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis

The pilot reported that during landing, the airplane touched down about "150 ft. beyond [the runway] numbers" and he immediately "removed flaps and applied brakes." He added that he was "unable to stop the forward momentum of the plane," and he believed he was going to overrun the runway, so he applied full power to go-around. Subsequently, the airplane overran the runway before a climb rate could be established, and during the runway excursion, the airplane struck a chain link fence. During the impact, the right wing separated from the fuselage, and the airplane rolled inverted down a ravine before coming to a stop back on the main landing gear. The pilot further reported after the accident that he believed he came in "too fast" for landing.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to fuselage, empennage, and both wings.

The pilot did not report that there were any preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's use of an incorrect airspeed during landing, which resulted in a runway overrun.

Findings

Aircraft 
Landing distance - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Fence/fence post - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Landing area undershoot

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Landing

Roll over

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age:64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/11/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/29/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 358 hours (Total, all aircraft), 34 hours (Total, this make and model), 55 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 23 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N1054S
Model/Series: PA32R 301T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2007
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 3257448
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/10/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2215 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-HIA
Registered Owner: FAHERTY, RICHARD L.
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBID, 107 ft msl
Observation Time: 1656 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 16°C / 6°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Light and Variable, Variable
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.35 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: SUSSEX, NJ (FWN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Block Island, RI (BID)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1130 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 



Airport Information

Airport: BLOCK ISLAND STATE (BID)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 107 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 28
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2502 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 41.167500, -71.585000 (est)

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