Thursday, January 18, 2018

Cessna 525C Citation CJ4, N525PZ, registered to and operated by Zeliff Aviation LLC: Accident occurred January 16, 2017 at Livingston County Spencer J. Hardy Airport (KOZW), Howell, Michigan

Pete Zeliff
~

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Detroit, Michigan 
Textron Aviation; Wichita, Kansas 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket  - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Zeliff Aviation  LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N525PZ

Pete Zeliff walks around the burning wreckage of his Cessna 525C Citation CJ4 on January 16th, 2017 following a crash in Howell, Michigan.


Location: Howell, MI
Accident Number: CEN17LA078
Date & Time: 01/16/2017, 1159 EST
Registration: N525PZ
Aircraft: TEXTRON AVIATION INC 525C
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Business 

On January 16, 2017, at 1159 eastern standard time, a Textron Aviation 525C, N525PZ, collided with the terrain following a loss of control on landing at the Livingston County Airport (OZW), Howell, Michigan. The private pilot received serious injuries. The airplane was substantially damaged by impact forces and a post impact fire. The airplane was registered to and operated by Zeliff Aviation, Inc., under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a business flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed near the accident site and the flight was operated on an instrument flight rules flight plan. The flight originated from the Genessee County Airport (GCQ), Batavia, New York at 1057.

The pilot reported that prior to the flight he checked the weather and Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) on the Aviation Digital Data Services Meteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Reports (ADD METAR) website. When preparing for the Instrument Landing System (ILS) runway 13 approach at OZW, the pilot listened to the Automated Terminal Information Service (ATIS) and he used the airplane's flight management system (FMS) to determine the landing performance data. The pilot stated the Next Generation Radar (NEXRAD) was showing rain in the area, but the onboard radar was not. He did not encounter any precipitation once he descended below the clouds. He then canceled his flight plan and continued the approach.

The pilot stated he knew there was a possibility of there being ice on the runway, as the weather conditions were favorable for ice. He stated he decided to continue the approach making sure he was accurately flying the approach speeds and that he did not land long on the runway. He stated he was prepared to go-around if the runway was icy. In addition, he saw an airplane holding short on a taxiway at the end of the runway, which appeared to be waiting for him to land so that it could depart, and this led him to believe the runway condition was good. The pilot did not use the common traffic advisory frequency (CTAF) to inquire about the runway conditions.

The pilot stated that upon touchdown, he applied the speed brakes and spoilers. Once the nose wheel touched down, he applied the brakes and realized he had no braking action. He retracted the speed brakes, spoilers and flaps and applied takeoff power. The airplane yawed to the left, so he reduced the power to idle and applied right rudder to correct the airplane's heading. The airplane continued off the runway where it contacted a fence, a ditch, and crossed a road prior to coming to rest. The pilot next recalled the airplane came to rest with him hanging upside down by the seatbelt. He crawled out of the airplane and noticed the wings had separated.

The lineman who was working in the fixed base operator reported hearing the pilot announce that he was on the ILS approach and then again that he was on short final. He stated the airplane touched down prior to the taxiway A-2 turnoff, and he asked the pilot if he knew where he was going to park. He walked outside and noticed the airplane was near the east end of the runway. He recalled hearing the engine power increase followed by the impact and black smoke.

The airplane that was sitting at the end of the runway was being taxied to a maintenance shop and was not going to takeoff. The pilot and mechanic in the airplane stated they saw the airplane during its approach which looked "normal." They stated the taxiways were icy and there was mist/light rain in the area. Another witness who saw the accident and assisted the pilot following the accident, stated the roads were covered with ice and "very slick." This witness stated that the sleet and freezing rain had started about an hour before the accident.

The aircraft recording system (AReS II) data from the airplane was downloaded. The data showed the airplane was ½ mile from the runway at 200 ft above ground level at an airspeed of 110 knots, and that the airplane touched down near the approach end of the runway prior to veering to the left. After touching down, the throttles were advanced for a period of about 15 seconds, reduced, then advanced momentarily once again.

The Model 525C landing performance data charts show that at a weight of 14,500 lbs, a landing reference speed (Vref) of 108 KIAS, and with no wind, the landing distance on a wet icy runway would have been about 13,625 ft. The length of runway 13 was 5,002 ft.

A NOTAM had not been issued regarding the icy runway conditions at OZW. The airport manager stated he was not at the airport at the time of the accident, and that he was still trying to learn the new digital NOTAM manager system. The employee who was at the airport was authorized to issue NOTAMs, but had not yet been trained on the new system. Subsequent to the accident, the airport manager reported that the employees have been trained on inspecting runway conditions and issuing NOTAMs. 


Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 60, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/09/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/10/2016
Flight Time:  5800 hours (Total, all aircraft), 320 hours (Total, this make and model), 66.4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 23.9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)


Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: TEXTRON AVIATION INC
Registration: N525PZ
Model/Series: 525C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 525C0196
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats:  11
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/14/2017, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 10399 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time: 320 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: WILLIAMS
ELT: C126 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: FJ44-4A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 3621 lbs
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 




Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOZW, 962 ft msl
Observation Time: 1159 EST
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Temperature/Dew Point: -1°C / -3°C
Lowest Ceiling:  Overcast / 5500 ft agl
Visibility:  3 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots, 130°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.28 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Snow
Departure Point: Batavia, NY (GVO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Howell, MI (OZW)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1057 EST
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Livingston Co. (OZW)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 962 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Ice
Runway Used: 13
IFR Approach: ILS
Runway Length/Width: 5002 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 42.627222, -83.973611 (est)


















NTSB Identification: CEN17LA078
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, January 16, 2017 in Howell, MI
Aircraft: TEXTRON AVIATION INC 525C, registration: N525PZ
Injuries: 1 Serious.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On January 16, 2017, at 1159 eastern standard time, N525PZ, a Textron Aviation 525S, collided with a fence, trees, and the terrain following a loss of control on landing at the Livingston County Airport (OZW), Howell, Michigan. The private pilot received serious injuries. The airplane was substantially damaged by impact forces and a post impact fire. The aircraft was registered to and operated by Zeliff Aviation, Inc., under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a business flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which operated on an instrument flight rules flight plan. The flight originated from the Genessee County Airport, Batavia, New York at 1047.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Regardless of potential contributing factors and available excuses it is the pilot's responsibility for the successful operation of the aircraft....period! Own it!

Steven Frost