Wednesday, December 27, 2017

Cessna 182S Skylane, N698MC, registered to and operated by HAC Properties LLC: Accident occurred December 26, 2017 at John Wayne-Orange County Airport (KSNA), Santa Ana, California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Long Beach, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to follow ground control instructions and to see and avoid ground obstacles while taxiing.


Personnel issues
Following instructions - Pilot (Cause)
Monitoring environment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Residence/building - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Runway excursion

Ground collision (Defining event)

Location: Santa Ana, CA
Accident Number: WPR18CA059
Date & Time: 12/26/2017, 1330 PST
Registration: N698MC
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Ground collision
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The pilot reported that he was high on the approach for landing, and partially focused on the tower controller's warning about heavy wake turbulence from landing jet traffic on the parallel runway. The pilot touched down about 1,800 ft or longer down the runway and subsequently ran off the end. The controller instructed him to turn around and exit the runway at taxiway Hotel, however in confusion, the pilot turned toward the main terminal. The controller then instructed the pilot to make a 180o turn, however he was now in the way of a taxiing incoming jet airplane. He moved to the left and subsequently struck an unmanned guard shack.

A postaccident examination revealed substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 73, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification:  BasicMed With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/10/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 630 hours (Total, all aircraft), 182 hours (Total, this make and model), 25 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 25 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N698MC
Model/Series: 182 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18280336
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/12/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 430 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO540-AB1
Registered Owner: HAC PROPERTIES LLC
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSNA, 55 ft msl
Observation Time: 2053 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 5°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 10°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 20000 ft agl
Visibility:  5 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.08 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Haze
Departure Point: TUCSON, AZ (TUS)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Santa Ana, CA (SNA)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1100 PST
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 56 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 20L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2887 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.673056, -117.866667 (est)

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