Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Cessna T182T, N946CA: Accident occurred September 12, 2017 at Silver Springs Airport (KSPZ), Lyon County, Nevada

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Reno, Nevada

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N946CA

Location: Silver Springs, NV
Accident Number: GAA17CA533
Date & Time: 09/12/2017, 1015 PDT
Registration: N946CA
Aircraft: CESSNA T182T
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis

The flight instructor reported that the purpose of the flight was to provide a proficiency checkout for the pilot, which is an organizational requirement before pilots are authorized to fly their airplanes.

After completing area work, they returned to the airport. The pilot landed the airplane and taxied back to the departure end of the runway. The flight instructor then assumed control of the airplane to demonstrate a rejected takeoff after a simulated engine failure. About 50 to 100 ft above the ground, he retarded the throttle, lowered the flaps to 40°, and lowered the nose. An excessive sink rate developed, and the airplane touched down slightly nose up, bounced, then rolled to a stop.

Postaccident examination revealed substantial damage to the fuselage.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The flight instructor's failure to maintain a proper descent rate during a simulated engine failure, which resulted in a bounced landing. 

Findings

Aircraft
Descent rate - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff-rejected takeoff
Miscellaneous/other

Landing
Abnormal runway contact

The flight instructor reported that the purpose of the flight was to provide a proficiency check out for the pilot, which is an organizational requirement prior to pilots being authorized to fly their airplanes.

After completing area work, they returned to the airport. The pilot landed the airplane and taxied back to the departure end of the runway. The flight instructor then assumed control of the airplane for the purpose of demonstrating a rejected takeoff after a simulated engine failure. About 50 to 100 ft above the ground, he retarded the throttle, lowered the flaps to 40°, and lowered the nose. An excessive sink rate developed, and the airplane touched down slightly nose up, bounced, then rolled to a stop.

A postaccident examination revealed substantial damage to the fuselage.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 70, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/17/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 4359 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2010 hours (Total, this make and model), 4359 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 65 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 42, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/25/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:  05/29/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 173 hours (Total, all aircraft), 21 hours (Total, this make and model), 102 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N946CA
Model/Series: T182T T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2008
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: T18208891
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/06/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1553.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Textron Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-AK1A
Registered Owner: CIVIL AIR PATROL
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operator: CIVIL AIR PATROL
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KNFL, 3934 ft msl
Observation Time: 1656 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 24 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 88°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 8000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 12°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 11000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: RENO, NV (RNO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Silver Springs, NV (SPZ)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0915 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SILVER SPRINGS (SPZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4265 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 24
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6001 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  39.406389, -119.240833 (est)
Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Reno, Nevada


Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N946CA

Location: Silver Springs, NV
Accident Number: GAA17CA533
Date & Time: 09/12/2017, 1015 PDT
Registration: N946CA
Aircraft: CESSNA T182T
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The flight instructor reported that the purpose of the flight was to provide a proficiency check out for the pilot, which is an organizational requirement prior to pilots being authorized to fly their airplanes.

After completing area work, they returned to the airport. The pilot landed the airplane and taxied back to the departure end of the runway. The flight instructor then assumed control of the airplane for the purpose of demonstrating a rejected takeoff after a simulated engine failure. About 50 to 100 ft above the ground, he retarded the throttle, lowered the flaps to 40°, and lowered the nose. An excessive sink rate developed, and the airplane touched down slightly nose up, bounced, then rolled to a stop.

A postaccident examination revealed substantial damage to the fuselage.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 70, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/17/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 4359 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2010 hours (Total, this make and model), 4359 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 65 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 42, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/25/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:  05/29/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 173 hours (Total, all aircraft), 21 hours (Total, this make and model), 102 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N946CA
Model/Series: T182T T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2008
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: T18208891
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/06/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1553.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Textron Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-AK1A
Registered Owner: CIVIL AIR PATROL
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operator: CIVIL AIR PATROL
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KNFL, 3934 ft msl
Observation Time: 1656 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 24 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 88°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 8000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 12°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 11000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: RENO, NV (RNO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Silver Springs, NV (SPZ)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0915 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SILVER SPRINGS (SPZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4265 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 24
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6001 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  39.406389, -119.240833 (est)

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Here we go again! Google Civil Air Pratrol on this website and you will see how this taxpayer funded organization can goof up almost anything. I thought they were to set an example for all of us pilots to follow. This organization needs to be disbanded. It mainly provides free training and free airplanes to their friends. Worse example of government waist.

David Nelson said...

Definitely not the case. Civil Air Patrol is a means for the aviation community to give back. Flight time isn't free except when flying operational missions,orientation flights, and sanctioned emergency services training. The members are come from all walks of life and are dedicated to aviation and public service. Incidents do happen, but due to the size of the fleet (over 550 aircraft) and the difficulty of many to fly enough to achieve mastery, beyond proficiency, accidents are incumbent in this least forgiving of environments.

Anonymous said...

Dave, how about the $11.9 million judgement against the Civil Air Patrol that killed three innocent taxpaying citzens, who were dedicated to their family's and friends? This happened due to the fact that senior arrogant CAP staff ignored safely rules that would have prevented the accident. Face it, the organization needs to be eliminated saving the taxpayers at least $40 million a year, not counting legal fees and judgements. I really feel bad for the victims, and the CAP needs to issue an apology, which has never happened.