Friday, August 18, 2017

Boeing Stearman E75, N4859N: Accident occurred August 18, 2017 at Centerville Municipal Airport (KGHM), Hickman County, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

Location: Centerville, TN
Accident Number: GAA17CA504
Date & Time: 08/18/2017, 1540 EDT
Registration: N4859N
Aircraft: BOEING E75
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The pilot receiving instruction reported that, during the landing roll before stopping, the tailwheel-equipped biplane "made a sudden move to [the] left." He added that the flight instructor's quick reactions kept the biplane on the runway and going straight.

The pilot then regained control of the biplane, and the left wing dropped and "despite corrective inputs on the controls would not respond to further control inputs," and the airplane then ground looped to the right. Subsequently, the left main landing gear collapsed, and the biplane came to rest nose down on the runway.

The biplane sustained substantial damage to all four wings and fuselage.

The pilot reported that "it was [his] personal contention and belief that the upper left gear failed[,] resulting in substantial damage to the [biplane] and the resultant ground loop." He added that "[he] did not believe that this particular incident could have been prevented."

A review of a video of the accident showed, in part, a loss of control early in the landing roll, followed by a subsequent loss of control and ground loop to the right.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 55, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/15/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/02/2016
Flight Time: (Estimated) 305 hours (Total, all aircraft), 39 hours (Total, this make and model), 180 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 27 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate:  Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Flight Engineer
Age: 55, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Waiver Time Limited Special
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/03/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/03/2016
Flight Time: (Estimated) 5940 hours (Total, all aircraft), 209 hours (Total, this make and model), 3580 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 25 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)
  
Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: BOEING
Registration: N4859N
Model/Series: E75 UNDESIGNATED
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1943
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Restricted
Serial Number: 75-5650
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/01/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:  at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: W670-6N
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 220 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMRC, 682 ft msl
Observation Time: 2035 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 21 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 143°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Light and Variable/ 11 knots, Variable
Visibility (RVR): 
Altimeter Setting: 29.96 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Centerville, TN (GHM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Centerville, TN (GHM)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1530 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: CENTERVILLE MUNI (GHM)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 764 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 20
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4002 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Stop and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:   35.838056, -87.445278 (est) 

Preventing Similar Accidents 

Stay Centered: Preventing Loss of Control During Landing

Loss of control during landing is one of the leading causes of general aviation accidents and is often attributed to operational issues. Although most loss of control during landing accidents do not result in serious injuries, they typically require extensive airplane repairs and may involve potential damage to nearby objects such as fences, signs, and lighting.

Often, wind plays a role in these accidents. Landing in a crosswind presents challenges for pilots of all experience levels. Other wind conditions, such as gusting wind, tailwind, variable wind, or wind shifts, can also interfere with pilots’ abilities to land the airplane and maintain directional control.

What can pilots do?

Evaluate your mental and physical fitness before each flight using the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) “I'M SAFE Checklist." Being emotionally and physically ready will help you stay alert and potentially avoid common and preventable loss of control during landing accidents.

Check wind conditions and forecasts often. Take time during every approach briefing to fully understand the wind conditions. Use simple rules of thumb to help (for example, if the wind direction is 30 degrees off the runway heading, the crosswind component will be half of the total wind velocity).

Know your limitations and those of the airplane you are flying. Stay current and practice landings on different runways and during various wind conditions. If possible, practice with a flight instructor on board who can provide useful feedback and techniques for maintaining and improving your landing procedures.

Prepare early to perform a go around if the approach is not stabilized and does not go as planned or if you do not feel comfortable with the landing. Once you are airborne and stable again, you can decide to attempt to land again, reassess your landing runway, or land at an alternate airport. Incorporate go-around procedures into your recurrent training.

During landing, stay aligned with the centerline. Any misalignment reduces the time available to react if an unexpected event such as a wind gust or a tire blowout occurs.

Do not allow the airplane to touch down in a drift or in a crab. For airplanes with tricycle landing gear, do not allow the nosewheel to touch down first.

Maintain positive control of the airplane throughout the landing and be alert for directional control difficulties immediately upon and after touchdown. A loss of directional control can lead to a nose-over or ground loop, which can cause the airplane to tip or lean enough for the wing tip to contact the ground.

Stay mentally focused throughout the landing roll and taxi. During landing, avoid distractions, such as conversations with passengers or setting radio frequencies.

Interested in More Information?

The FAA’s “Airplane Flying Handbook” (FAA-H-8083-3B), chapter 8, “Approaches and Landings,” provides guidance about how to conduct crosswind approaches and landings and discusses maximum safe crosswind velocities. The handbook can be accessed from the FAA’s website (www.faa.gov).

The FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) provides access to online training courses, seminars, and webinars as part of the FAA’s “WINGS—Pilot Proficiency Program.” This program includes targeted flight training designed to help pilots develop the knowledge and skills needed to achieve flight proficiency and to assess and mitigate the risks associated with the most common causes of accidents, including loss of directional control. The courses listed below can be accessed from the FAASTeam website (www.faasafety.gov).

Avoiding Loss of Control

Maneuvering: Approach and Landing

Normal Approach and Landing

Takeoffs, Landings, and Aircraft Control

The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Air Safety Institute offers several interactive courses, presentations, publications, and other safety resources that can be accessed from its website (www.aopa.org/asf/).

The NTSB’s Aviation Information Resources web page, www.ntsb.gov/air, provides convenient access to NTSB aviation safety products.

The NTSB presents this information to prevent recurrence of similar accidents. Note that this should not be considered guidance from the regulator, nor does this supersede existing FAA Regulations (FARs).

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee


Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N4859N

NTSB Identification: GAA17CA504
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Friday, August 18, 2017 in Centerville, TN
Aircraft: BOEING E75, registration: N4859N
Injuries: 2 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The pilot, who was receiving instruction, reported that during the landing roll prior to stopping, the tailwheel-equipped biplane "made a sudden move to [the] left." He added that, quick reactions by the flight instructor kept the biplane on the runway and going straight.

The biplane once again under the control of the pilot, then "dropped the left wing and despite corrective inputs on the controls would not respond to further control inputs" and ground looped to the right. Subsequently, the left main landing gear collapsed and the biplane came to rest nose down on the runway.

The biplane sustained substantial damage to all four wings and fuselage.

The pilot reported that, "it was [his] personal contention and belief that the upper left gear failed[,] resulting in substantial damage to the [biplane] and the resultant ground loop." He added that, "[he] did not believe that this particular incident could have been prevented."

A review of a video of the accident that was submitted, showed in part a loss of control early in the landing roll, followed by a subsequent loss of control and ground loop to the right.




CENTERVILLE, TN (WSMV) - Officials said a small plane crashed at the Centerville Municipal Airport on Friday afternoon.

Airport manager Woody Woodruff said the plane was coming in to land around 3:30 p.m. when conditions got rough and the plane crashed.

The plane didn’t flip, but the wings were torn off.

Two people were in the plane at the time. No one was hurt.

The airport is shut down while they clean up. 

Woodruff said the runway should be cleared in a short amount of time.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.wsmv.com

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