Friday, May 26, 2017

Landing Area Overshoot: Cessna 177A Cardinal, N30462; accident occurred May 26, 2017 at Plainwell Municipal Airport (61D), Allegan Countym, Michigan

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Plainwell, MI 
Accident Number: CEN17CA218
Date & Time: 05/26/2017, 1245 EDT
Registration: N30462
Aircraft: CESSNA 177
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area overshoot
Injuries: 1 Minor, 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


During a local orientation flight, the pilot turned to final approach with "a little too much altitude," but the pilot did not perform a go-around. The airplane landed long down the runway, overran the end of the runway, and impacted a ditch, which damaged the forward fuselage. The pilot reported no mechanical malfunctions or anomalies with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper approach to landing and his failure to perform a go-around, which resulted in a runway overrun. 


Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Object/animal/substance - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing area overshoot (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 81, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied:Left 
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:3-point 
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/08/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/12/2015
Flight Time:  773 hours (Total, all aircraft), 98 hours (Total, this make and model), 736 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:CESSNA 
Registration: N30462
Model/Series: 177 A
Aircraft Category:Airplane 
Year of Manufacture:1968 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number:17701270 
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/27/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 10 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3910 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A2F
Registered Owner: GREEN FALCONS INC
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: AZO, 873 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 15 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1253 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 180°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:None 
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.88 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Precipitation
Departure Point: Plainwell, MI (61D)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Plainwell, MI (61D)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  EDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Plainwell Municipal Airport (61D)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 722 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2650 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 42.467778, -85.648056 (est)

PLAINWELL, MI -- Four people were on board when a plane crashed near Plainwell Municipal Airport and two were taken to a hospital with minor injuries, police say. 

A plane attempting to land at the airport crashed before 1:30 p.m. Friday, May 26, when it "ran out of runway" at the airport, Allegan County Sheriff's Office Cpt. Scott Matice said. 

One of the runways at the airport is just east of U.S. 131. A Cessna plane was observed in the ditch near the highway following the crash, where it came to rest, Matice said. 

The two people who were injured suffered minor injuries such as bumps and bruises, Matice said. Two other occupants were checked out at the scene and not transported to a hospital, he said. 

Plainwell Middle School students were involved in the incident, Plainwell Schools said in a message posted on the school's web site Friday afternoon. 

Plainwell Middle School Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) students were on a field trip at the airport, the school said.

Students on the plane had "minor scrapes and bruises," according to the school, and parents of students directly involved have been contacted. 

The crash did not impact traffic on any roads, he said. No other planes were involved, he said. 

Investigators contacted the Federal Aviation Administration about the crash, he said. 

The plane is a fixed wing, single-engine Cessna registered to Green Falcons Inc. of Wyoming, according to the FAA database. It has a valid certificate, according to the FAA. 

Story, photo gallery and video:

GUN PLAIN TOWNSHIP, Mich. (WOOD) — A small plane crashed off the end of a runway near Plainwell Friday, resulting in a scary ending to a field trip for a group of sixth-graders.

The Cessna 177A crashed at the west edge of the Plainwell Municipal Airport just feet away from the northbound lanes of US-131 in Gun Plain Township around 1 p.m.

The pilot, who suffered a nose injury in the crash, overshot the runway, plowed through a fence and landed nose-down in a ditch, according to Ginger DeVillers with the West Michigan Flight Academy.

Three sixth-grade students from Plainwell Community Schools’ STEM program were on board the plane when it crashed. While DeVillers told 24 Hour News 8 at the scene that none of the students were injured, a later release from the Allegan County Sheriff’s Office said both the pilot and one of the students were taken to the hospital for minor injuries and the two other students were treated at the scene and released.

“We’ve been doing this for four years at the Plainwell schools and we’ve had an awesome record, and we had a pilot just went off the end of the runway, and all the kids are safe, they’ve all been checked out by paramedics,” DeVillers said.

Authorities have not released the names of the pilot or students involved in the crash, which the FAA is investigating.

There have been two other plane crashes in recent years involving the Plainwell Municipal Airport. On Sept. 23, 2011, a Holland man was killed when his small plane hit a FedEx truck on northbound US-131 just west of the airport’s runway. On May 21, 2009, two men died in a small plane crash at the airport.


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