Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: http://app.ntsb.gov/pdf
Docket And Docket Items - National Transportation Safety Board: http://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms
Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: http://app.ntsb.gov/pdf
FAA Flight Standards District Office: FAA Milwaukee FSDO-13
NTSB Identification: CEN16LA309
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, August 02, 2016 in Neenah, WI
Probable Cause Approval Date: 12/12/2016
Aircraft: CESSNA 172K, registration: N46459
Injuries: 3 Uninjured.
NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.
The private pilot was conducting the first flight in the airplane after having removed a failed vacuum pump from the engine; the pilot was not a certified airframe and powerplant mechanic. During the flight, the engine lost power, and the pilot subsequently landed the airplane on a highway, and the left wing contacted a road sign, which resulted in substantial damage.
The pilot reported that he had recently had a mechanic remove a failed vacuum pump on a different airplane that he owned and that he was able to fly that airplane without the pump. As a result, he thought he could also fly the accident airplane without a vacuum pump. However, the vacuum pumps were mounted on each airplane differently, and the pilot’s removal of the vacuum pump on the accident airplane allowed oil to exit the engine through the drive gear opening on the accessory case, which resulted in oil starvation.
The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
A loss of engine power due to oil starvation, which resulted from the pilot, who was not a certified airframe and powerplant mechanic, removing the vacuum pump from the engine, and his misconception that he could operate the airplane without the pump.
On August 2, 2016, at 1830 central daylight time, a Cessna 172K, N46459, collided with a road sign during an off airport forced landing on Highway 10 in Neenah, Wisconsin, following a loss of engine power. The private pilot and two passengers were not injured. The airplane received substantial damage to the left wing. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not operated on a flight plan. The local flight originated from the Brennand Airport (79C), Neenah, Wisconsin, at 1815.
The pilot reported that he owned another airplane, an RV7 that was equipped with a Jabiru 5100 engine. The vacuum pump on that engine recently failed so a mechanic removed it until a new one was received. The vacuum pump on the Jabiru 5100 is fitted to the alternator mounting flange and the drive pad is dry. The pilot was told that he could fly the airplane without the vacuum pump installed which he did uneventfully for about 6 hours.
While flying the accident airplane, a Cessna 172, three days prior to the accident, the pilot noted the directional gyro and attitude indicator where not working. Because of the past experience with a vacuum pump failure on the RV7, he identified the problem as being a vacuum pump failure. The pilot held a Repairman Experimental Aircraft Builder certificate for the RV7, and stated that because he was comfortable working on that airplane, he decided to remove the vacuum pump from the accident airplane himself. He did not install a cover plate over the vacuum pump mounting pad. In addition, since he was able to fly the RV7 without a vacuum pump, he believed he could also fly the accident airplane without a vacuum pump installed.
During the first flight after removing the vacuum pump, the airplane sustained a loss of engine power. The pilot landed the airplane on a highway, and while traveling up an exit ramp, the left wing contacted a road sign. The airplane spun around and came to rest in a ditch.
A postaccident examination of the engine revealed the engine suffered oil exhaustion when the oil exited the engine through the vacuum pump mount in the accessory case.
CLAYTON - Mechanical issues prompted a Cessna pilot to land his plane on U.S. 10 Tuesday night.
The plane is registered to Jerry Sherwood of Little Chute, according to the FAA Registry.
The Winnebago County Sheriff's Office said the plane took off from Brennand Airport in Neenah but experienced engine issues.
The pilot was unable to return the aircraft to Neenah and subsequently performed an emergency landing in the eastbound lane of U.S. 10 about 6:30 p.m. He then maneuvered the plane off the roadway between U.S. 10 and the off-ramp to State 76.
The department said the pilot and his two passengers were not hurt, and the Cessna was later taken back to the Neenah airport. FAA spokesperson Tony Molinaro said the pilot struck a sign after landing, the Cessna 172 then rolled into a ditch. The plane experienced "substantial damage," he said.
The FAA and NTSB are assisting with the investigation.