Friday, January 07, 2022

Loss of Control on Ground: Beech C23 Sundowner 180, N24690; accident occurred January 07, 2020 at Chesapeake Regional Airport (KCPK), Norfolk, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Parade of Properties Inc

Location: Norfolk, Virginia
Accident Number: ERA20CA072
Date and Time: January 7, 2020, 12:18 Local
Registration: N24690
Aircraft: Beech 23 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight 
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor reported that he was providing instruction to the private pilot who had recently purchased a share in the airplane. They had been practicing landings and had felt wind gusts on the previous landings. Just before the airplane touched down for the fifth practice landing, a wind gust lifted the left wing, and the airplane was pushed right. The pilot attempted to correct for the gust, but the airplane bounced on all three landing gear and became airborne. The instructor told the pilot to add power and go around. Another wind gust pushed the airplane further right, and the airplane was now "clearly in a loss of control state." The instructor took the controls, but the airplane was already in a full stall with full power and full flaps extended. The airplane impacted ground adjacent to the runway.

The pilot stated that, when the airplane touched down, a wind gust pushed the airplane right. The instructor yelled for full power and said, "my airplane." The wind pushed the airplane further right and the airplane impacted a ditch and spun around on the propeller. The left-wing spar fitting sustained substantial damage. The underside of the fuselage aft of the firewall, the propeller, and the nosewheel were also damaged. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's failure to maintain airplane control during landing with a crosswind, which resulted in a bounced landing, and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action, which resulted in a loss of control during the go-around.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft (general) - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-IFR final approach Other weather encounter
Approach-IFR final approach Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Landing Abnormal runway contact
Approach-IFR final approach Attempted remediation/recovery
Approach-VFR go-around Aerodynamic stall/spin

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 50, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: November 7, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: March 26, 2018
Flight Time: 81 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2 hours (Total, this make and model), 15 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor; Private
Age: 59, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 8, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: March 6, 2018
Flight Time: 1043 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1 hours (Total, this make and model), 983 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 52 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 21 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech
Registration: N24690
Model/Series: 23 C23
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: M-1435
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle 
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 1, 2019 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2583.45 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-360
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 180 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CPK, 18 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 11:35 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 5 miles
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 150° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.96 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 13°C / 2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: N/A - None - Haze
Departure Point: Norfolk, VA (CPK) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Norfolk, VA (CPK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 10:25 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Chesapeake Rgnl CPK 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 18 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 Minor 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor 
Latitude, Longitude: 36.665554,-76.320556 (est)

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