Sunday, June 13, 2021

Landing Gear Not Configured: Piper PA-32R-301T Turbo Saratoga, N82303; accident occurred June 13, 2018 at Caddo Mills Municipal Airport (7F3), Hunt County, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Caddo Mills, Texas
Accident Number: GAA18CA346
Date & Time: June 13, 2018, 18:35 Local 
Registration: N82303
Aircraft: Piper PA32R 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The solo student pilot reported that, during the landing flare, the gear-retracted warning horn sounded. The propeller struck the ground, and he applied full throttle and initiated a go-around. The engine began "bucking," so he decided to lower the landing gear and land on the remaining runway. He applied forward pressure to the yoke to level the airplane, but the airplane touched down hard and came to rest upright, off the left side of the runway.

The student reported that he should have verified the configuration of the landing gear before landing. He added that he did not use a prelanding checklist.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to extend the landing gear before landing and to follow the Before Landing checklist, which resulted in an attempted go-around and subsequent hard landing. 


Personnel issues Lack of action - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Use of checklist - Student/instructed pilot
Aircraft Gear extension and retract sys - Not used/operated

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Landing gear not configured (Defining event)
Landing Abnormal runway contact
Landing Runway excursion

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student 
Age: 55,Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: December 23, 2016
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 102 hours (Total, all aircraft), 52 hours (Total, this make and model), 32 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 16 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N82303
Model/Series: PA32R 301T 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1980 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 32R-8029103
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle 
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: February 1, 2018 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2939 Hrs as of last inspection 
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-S1AD
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 300 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KGVT,535 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 11:30 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 78°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 220° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: DALLAS, TX (1F7)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: DALLAS, TX (1F7)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 16:20 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 541 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Unknown
Runway Used: 18 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4000 ft / 75 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Straight-in; Touch and go

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.036109,-96.243057(est)

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