Sunday, March 07, 2021

Nose Over: Cessna P206 Super Skylane, N206JF; accident occurred March 02, 2020 at Hill City-Quadna Mountain Airport (07Y), Aitkin County, Minnesota

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

 Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Minneapolis, Minnesota

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:
Location: Hill City, Minnesota
Accident Number: CEN20CA111
Date & Time: March 3, 2020, 17:00 Local
Registration: N206JF
Aircraft: Cessna P206 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


According to the pilot, he was receiving a flight review and the flight instructor had briefed him to fly the approach to the runway and to terminate the approach by conducting a go-around. However, the pilot allowed the airplane to become "too low and too slow." The landing gear contacted the snow-covered runway as engine power was being added, and the airplane nosed over. The airplane sustained
substantial damage to the left wing. The chart supplement for the airport indicated that the airport was closed during winter months. In addition, a NOTAM was in effect advising pilots that the runway was closed from early December through mid-May.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain the proper altitude and airspeed during the approach and his delayed addition of power to go around and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action, which resulted in a nose-over after landing on the closed snow-covered runway. 


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Personnel issues Delayed action - Pilot
Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Aircraft Altitude - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Snow/slush/ice covered surface - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach Miscellaneous/other
Approach Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Other Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 61, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 23, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: February 18, 2018
Flight Time: 1342 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1259 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor 
Age: 69, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 9, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: May 21, 2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 19315 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1150 hours (Total, this make and model), 18450 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 14 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N206JF
Model/Series: P206 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1965 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: P206-0137
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: March 27, 2019 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2164.7 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-F
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 285 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KGPZ,1355 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 16 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 22:56 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 13°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 180°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.5 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 1°C / -8°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Grand Rapids, MN (GPZ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Bowstring, MN (9Y0)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 16:45 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Hill City-Quadna Mountain 07Y
Runway Surface Type: Snow
Airport Elevation: 1289 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Snow
Runway Used: 16
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2902 ft / 150 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Go around

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A Aircraft
Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 46.955833,-93.597503(est)

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