Wednesday, March 17, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser, N2733M; accident occurred March 23, 2019 at Canadian Lakes Airport (0C5), Mecosta County, Michigan


Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Mecosta, Michigan
Accident Number: GAA19CA178
Date & Time: March 23, 2019, 10:45 Local
Registration: N2733M
Aircraft: Piper PA 12 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he landed the airplane on the turf runway in variable wind conditions. During the landing roll, the airplane veered right and exited the right side of the runway. The airplane struck a runway cone and a windsock pole.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The weather reporting station at the nearest airport, about 24 miles from the accident site, reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 340° at 7 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 36.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll, which resulted in impact with a windsock pole. 


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Windsock - Effect on operation
Environmental issues Sign/marker - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-landing roll Runway excursion
Landing-landing roll Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 47, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:Yes 
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:No 
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/14/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/15/2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 490 hours (Total, all aircraft), 52 hours (Total, this make and model), 490 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N2733M
Model/Series: PA 12 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:1946 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate:Other 
Serial Number: 12-1140
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/19/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3959.3 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-A2B
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Fractional Ownership

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMOP, 755 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 24 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1055 CDT
Direction from Accident Site: 83°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 340°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.4 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: -3°C / -8°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Mecosta, MI (0C5)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Mecosta, MI (0C5)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Canadian Lakes (0C5)
Runway Surface Type:
Airport Elevation: 960 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3800 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 43.576944, -85.283889 (est)

1 comment:

  1. Another lousy pilot not taking responsibility for a crash claiming “variable wind conditions caused airplane to drift off centerline of runway”. Really?